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Post-Translational Modifications of TRP Channels
AbstractTransient receptor potential (TRP) channels constitute an ancient family of cation channels that have been found in many eukaryotic organisms from yeast to human. TRP channels exert a multitude of physiological functions ranging from Ca2+ homeostasis in the kidney to pain reception and vision. These channels are activated by a wide range of stimuli and undergo covalent post-translational modifications that affect and modulate their subcellular targeting, their biophysical properties, or channel gating. These modifications include N-linked glycosylation, protein phosphorylation, and covalent attachment of chemicals that reversibly bind to specific cysteine residues. The latter modification represents an unusual activation mechanism of ligand-gated ion channels that is in contrast to the lock-and-key paradigm of receptor activation by its agonists. In this review, we summarize the post-translational modifications identified on TRP channels and, when available, explain their physiological role.
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Voolstra, O.; Huber, A. Post-Translational Modifications of TRP Channels. Cells 2014, 3, 258-287.View more citation formats
Voolstra O, Huber A. Post-Translational Modifications of TRP Channels. Cells. 2014; 3(2):258-287.Chicago/Turabian Style
Voolstra, Olaf; Huber, Armin. 2014. "Post-Translational Modifications of TRP Channels." Cells 3, no. 2: 258-287.