Next Article in Journal
Cardiomyocyte Regeneration
Previous Article in Journal
Redirection of Human Cancer Cells upon the Interaction with the Regenerating Mouse Mammary Gland Microenvironment
Cells 2013, 2(1), 57-66; doi:10.3390/cells2010057

Functional Assessment of Pharmacological Telomerase Activators in Human T Cells

1 Department of Biology, Whittier College,13406 Philadelphia Street, P.O. Box 634, Whittier 90608, CA, USA 2 Department of Pathology and Lab Medicine, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, 10833 Le Conte Avenue, Los Angeles 90095-1732, CA, USA
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 27 August 2012 / Revised: 7 January 2013 / Accepted: 8 January 2013 / Published: 14 January 2013
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [658 KB, uploaded 14 January 2013]   |   Browse Figures


Telomeres are structures at the ends of chromosomes that shorten during cell division and eventually signal an irreversible state of growth arrest known as cellular senescence. To delay this cellular aging, human T cells, which are critical in the immune control over infections and cancer, activate the enzyme telomerase, which binds and extends the telomeres. Several different extracts from the Astragalus membranaceus root have been documented to activate telomerase activity in human T cells. The objective of this research was to compare two extracts from Astragalus membranaceus, TA-65 and HTA, for their effects on both telomerase and proliferative activity of human CD4 and CD8 T cells. Our results demonstrate that, TA-65 increased telomerase activity significantly (1.3 to 3.3-fold relative to controls) in T cell cultures from six donors tested, whereas HTA only increased telomerase levels in two out of six donors. We also demonstrate that TA-65 activates telomerase by a MAPK- specific pathway. Finally, we determine that during a three-day culture period, only the T cells treated with the TA-65 extract showed a statistically significant increase in proliferative activity. Our results underscore the importance of comparing multiple telomerase activators within the same experiment, and of including functional assays in addition to measuring telomerase activity.
Keywords: TA-65; telomerase activators; cellular senescence TA-65; telomerase activators; cellular senescence
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Share & Cite This Article

Further Mendeley | CiteULike
Export to BibTeX |
MDPI and ACS Style

Molgora, B.; Bateman, R.; Sweeney, G.; Finger, D.; Dimler, T.; Effros, R.B.; Valenzuela, H.F. Functional Assessment of Pharmacological Telomerase Activators in Human T Cells. Cells 2013, 2, 57-66.

View more citation formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics


Cited By

[Return to top]
Cells EISSN 2073-4409 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert