Quantifying Variability in Maize Yield Response to Nutrient Applications in the Northern Nigerian Savanna
AbstractDiagnostic on-farm nutrient omission trials were conducted over two cropping seasons (2015 and 2016) to assess soil nutrients related constraints to maize yield in the northern Nigerian savanna agro-ecological zone and to quantify their variability. Two sets of trials were conducted side by side, one with an open pollinated maize variety (OPV) and the other one with a hybrid maize variety and each set had six equal treatments laid out in 198 farmers’ fields. The treatments comprised (i) a control, (ii) a PK (‘−N,’ without N), (iii) an NK (‘−P,’ without P), (iv) an NP (‘−K,’ without K), (v) an NPK and (vi) an NPK + S + Ca + Mg + Zn + B (‘+SMM,’ NPK plus secondary macro- and micro-nutrients). Moderate to a large variability in most soil characteristics was observed in the studied fields. Consequently, cluster analysis revealed three distinct yield-nutrient response classes common for the two types of maize varieties. These define classes were fields that have (i) no-response to any nutrient, (ii) a large response to N and P and (iii) a large response to N alone. Although overall yield performance of OPV and hybrid varieties was similar, a distinct fourth class was identified for the hybrid variety, (iv) fields with a large response to N and secondary macro- and micro-nutrients. The results indicate that the large variability in soil nutrients related constraints need to be accounted for to optimize maize yield in the northern Nigerian savanna. The development of field- and area-specific fertilizer recommendations is highly needed, using simple decision support tools that consider variable soil fertility conditions and yield responses as obtained from this study. View Full-Text
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Shehu, B.M.; Merckx, R.; Jibrin, J.M.; Kamara, A.Y.; Rurinda, J. Quantifying Variability in Maize Yield Response to Nutrient Applications in the Northern Nigerian Savanna. Agronomy 2018, 8, 18.
Shehu BM, Merckx R, Jibrin JM, Kamara AY, Rurinda J. Quantifying Variability in Maize Yield Response to Nutrient Applications in the Northern Nigerian Savanna. Agronomy. 2018; 8(2):18.Chicago/Turabian Style
Shehu, Bello M.; Merckx, Roel; Jibrin, Jibrin M.; Kamara, Alpha Y.; Rurinda, Jairos. 2018. "Quantifying Variability in Maize Yield Response to Nutrient Applications in the Northern Nigerian Savanna." Agronomy 8, no. 2: 18.
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