Evaluation of Agronomic Traits and Drought Tolerance of Winter Wheat Accessions from the USDA-ARS National Small Grains Collection
AbstractWheat accessions from the USDA-ARS National Small Grains Collection (NSGC) are a potential genetic resource for variety improvement. This study assessed the agronomic performance and drought tolerance in 198 winter wheat accessions under irrigated and terminal drought environments in the 2012–2013 season, and repeated the test under terminal drought only during the 2013–2014 season. The 198 accessions were classified into three maturity groups, early, intermediate, and late based on heading data. In all three environments, the early accessions had the best agronomic performance, produced higher grain yield, thousand-kernel weight and grain volume weight, and had earlier heading date and shorter plant height. The intermediate accessions had similar grain yield and thousand-kernel weight as the early accessions in the irrigated environment, but had lower thousand-kernel weight in the terminal drought environments. Terminal drought had significant effects on grain yield, plant height, thousand-kernel weight, and grain volume weight. The positive correlation between GY and HD suggests that the ‘late early’ types in the early maturity were the most successful. Out of 198 accessions evaluated, twenty-three had high yield stability and drought tolerance according to the drought susceptibility index and membership function value of drought tolerance. The eight of twenty-three accessions identified (four early and four intermediate) had high grain yield in three environments. Some of these accessions have been further used in bi-parental mapping studies and by breeders for grain yield and drought tolerance improvement. View Full-Text
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Liu, Y.; Bowman, B.C.; Hu, Y.-G.; Liang, X.; Zhao, W.; Wheeler, J.; Klassen, N.; Bockelman, H.; Bonman, J.M.; Chen, J. Evaluation of Agronomic Traits and Drought Tolerance of Winter Wheat Accessions from the USDA-ARS National Small Grains Collection. Agronomy 2017, 7, 51.
Liu Y, Bowman BC, Hu Y-G, Liang X, Zhao W, Wheeler J, Klassen N, Bockelman H, Bonman JM, Chen J. Evaluation of Agronomic Traits and Drought Tolerance of Winter Wheat Accessions from the USDA-ARS National Small Grains Collection. Agronomy. 2017; 7(3):51.Chicago/Turabian Style
Liu, Yuxiu; Bowman, Brian C.; Hu, Yin-Gang; Liang, Xi; Zhao, Weidong; Wheeler, Justin; Klassen, Natalie; Bockelman, Harold; Bonman, J. M.; Chen, Jianli. 2017. "Evaluation of Agronomic Traits and Drought Tolerance of Winter Wheat Accessions from the USDA-ARS National Small Grains Collection." Agronomy 7, no. 3: 51.
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