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Agronomy 2016, 6(3), 40; doi:10.3390/agronomy6030040

Impact of Climate Change on Cultivar Choice: Adaptation Strategies of Farmers and Advisors in German Cereal Production

Department of Agronomy, Institute of Agronomy and Plant Breeding I, Justus-Liebig-University Giessen, Gießen 35392, Germany
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Academic Editor: Mick P. Fuller
Received: 19 May 2016 / Revised: 14 July 2016 / Accepted: 19 July 2016 / Published: 22 July 2016
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Abstract

The objective of this study is to understand which requirements for cereal cultivars—with regard to climate change adaptation—are in demand by farmers and advisors, and to clarify whether there are any differences in their assessments. A comparative survey was used to collect data from 410 farmers and 114 advisors in Germany. The majority of both farmers and advisors reported perceivable effects of climatic change on plant production. The increase in droughts and hot spells, the increased incidence of torrential rain, and mild winters were mentioned as the main effects of climate change. For climate change adaptation, the farmers and advisors mostly relied on a locally-adapted cultivar selection. It is estimated that eco-stability, grain yield, resistance to lodging and drought tolerance are important cultivar properties. In the study, farmers and advisors equally pointed out the need for additional cultivar evaluation according to eco-stability. Finally, only minor differences regarding farmers’ and advisors’ assessments were found within the study. The outcome of this research points to the need of implementing farmers’ demands in cultivar recommendations. For example, an impartial assessment of cultivars’ eco-stability could help support the choice of cultivars and reduce the growing risks in cereal production with regard to climate change. View Full-Text
Keywords: survey; plant production; cultivar requirements; cultivar type; hybrid cultivars; eco-stability survey; plant production; cultivar requirements; cultivar type; hybrid cultivars; eco-stability
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Macholdt, J.; Honermeier, B. Impact of Climate Change on Cultivar Choice: Adaptation Strategies of Farmers and Advisors in German Cereal Production. Agronomy 2016, 6, 40.

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