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Agronomy 2014, 4(2), 302-321; doi:10.3390/agronomy4020302
Review

Assessing the Consequences of Microbial Infection in Field Trials: Seen, Unseen, Beneficial, Parasitic and Pathogenic

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Received: 28 February 2014; in revised form: 29 May 2014 / Accepted: 30 May 2014 / Published: 24 June 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue New Phenotyping Platforms for Field Trials)
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Abstract: Microbial infections of crop plants present an ongoing threat to agricultural production. However, in recent years, we have developed a more nuanced understanding of the ecological role of microbes and how they interact with plants. This includes an appreciation of the influence of crop physiology and environmental conditions on the expression of disease symptoms, the importance of non-pathogenic microbes on host plants and pathogens, and the capacity for plants to act as hosts for human pathogens. Alongside this we now have a variety of tools available for the identification and quantification of microbial infections on crops grown under field conditions. This review summarises some of the consequences of microbial infections in crop plants, and discusses how new and established assessment tools can be used to understand these processes. It challenges our current assumptions in yield loss relationships and offers understanding of the potential for more resilient crops.
Keywords: disease assessment; asymptomatic; yield loss; infection; stress; crops; field trials disease assessment; asymptomatic; yield loss; infection; stress; crops; field trials
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Looseley, M.E.; Newton, A.C. Assessing the Consequences of Microbial Infection in Field Trials: Seen, Unseen, Beneficial, Parasitic and Pathogenic. Agronomy 2014, 4, 302-321.

AMA Style

Looseley ME, Newton AC. Assessing the Consequences of Microbial Infection in Field Trials: Seen, Unseen, Beneficial, Parasitic and Pathogenic. Agronomy. 2014; 4(2):302-321.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Looseley, Mark E.; Newton, Adrian C. 2014. "Assessing the Consequences of Microbial Infection in Field Trials: Seen, Unseen, Beneficial, Parasitic and Pathogenic." Agronomy 4, no. 2: 302-321.

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