Agronomy 2014, 4(1), 144-164; doi:10.3390/agronomy4010144
Article

Effects of Field Plot Size on Variation in White Flower Anther Injury by Tarnished Plant Bug for Host Plant Resistance Evaluations in Arkansas Cotton

Received: 4 December 2013; in revised form: 19 January 2014 / Accepted: 30 January 2014 / Published: 27 February 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue New Phenotyping Platforms for Field Trials)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: Field trials conducted in 2008 and 2009 investigated whether plot size affects incidence of white flower anther injury by tarnished plant bug (Lygus lineolaris (Palisot de Beauvois)) in host plant resistance (HPR) evaluations. The three cotton lines evaluated in the trial included a susceptible frego bract line (RBCDHGPIQH-197) and 2 standards, SureGrow (SG) 105 and Deltapine (DP) 393. Samplers monitored white flower anther injury between single row mini-plots embedded within multiple row max-plots. A sub-section of the max-plots was sprayed with insecticides to evaluate these tactics on altering the incidence of white flower anther injury. Plant bug numbers were very low in 2008, while infestation levels were higher in 2009. Significantly higher numbers of flowers with anther injury were observed in both years in the susceptible frego bract line compared to SG 105 and DP 393 lines. In both years, anther injury levels were similar in the max- and mini-plots, with lower levels observed in max-sprayed plots. The white flower monitoring procedure is a consistent indicator of adult plant bug preferences and is not influenced by plot size or interspersions of cultivar lines among plots.
Keywords: design of experiment; experimental units; interspersion; logistic regression model; plot size effects; sampling
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MDPI and ACS Style

Willers, J.; Teague, T.G.; Milliken, G.; Bourland, F. Effects of Field Plot Size on Variation in White Flower Anther Injury by Tarnished Plant Bug for Host Plant Resistance Evaluations in Arkansas Cotton. Agronomy 2014, 4, 144-164.

AMA Style

Willers J, Teague TG, Milliken G, Bourland F. Effects of Field Plot Size on Variation in White Flower Anther Injury by Tarnished Plant Bug for Host Plant Resistance Evaluations in Arkansas Cotton. Agronomy. 2014; 4(1):144-164.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Willers, Jeffrey; Teague, Tina G.; Milliken, George; Bourland, Fred. 2014. "Effects of Field Plot Size on Variation in White Flower Anther Injury by Tarnished Plant Bug for Host Plant Resistance Evaluations in Arkansas Cotton." Agronomy 4, no. 1: 144-164.

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