Agronomy 2013, 3(3), 508-523; doi:10.3390/agronomy3030508
Article

Root Characteristics of Perennial Warm-Season Grasslands Managed for Grazing and Biomass Production

1 Carbon Management and Sequestration Center, The Ohio State University, 210 Kottman Hall, 2021 Coffey Rd, Columbus, OH 43210, USA 2 Crop and Soil Environmental Science, Virginia Tech, 330 Smyth Hall (0404), Blacksburg, VA 24061, USA Current address: Department of Agronomy, Iowa State University, 2104 Agronomy Hall, Ames, IA 50011, USA.
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 22 May 2013; in revised form: 25 June 2013 / Accepted: 25 June 2013 / Published: 8 July 2013
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Abstract: Minirhizotrons were used to study root growth characteristics in recently established fields dominated by perennial C4-grasses that were managed either for cattle grazing or biomass production for bioenergy in Virginia, USA. Measurements over a 13-month period showed that grazing resulted in smaller total root volumes and root diameters. Under biomass management, root volume was 40% higher (49 vs. 35 mm3) and diameters were 20% larger (0.29 vs. 0.24 mm) compared to grazing. While total root length did not differ between grazed and biomass treatments, root distribution was shallower under grazed areas, with 50% of total root length in the top 7 cm of soil, compared to 41% in ungrazed exclosures. These changes (i.e., longer roots and greater root volume in the top 10 cm of soil under grazing but the reverse at 17–28 cm soil depths) were likely caused by a shift in plant species composition as grazing reduced C4 grass biomass and allowed invasion of annual unsown species. The data suggest that management of perennial C4 grasslands for either grazing or biomass production can affect root growth in different ways and this, in turn, may have implications for the subsequent carbon sequestration potential of these grasslands.
Keywords: prairie plants; minirhizotron; roots; grazing; biofuels

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MDPI and ACS Style

Bonin, C.; Flores, J.; Lal, R.; Tracy, B. Root Characteristics of Perennial Warm-Season Grasslands Managed for Grazing and Biomass Production. Agronomy 2013, 3, 508-523.

AMA Style

Bonin C, Flores J, Lal R, Tracy B. Root Characteristics of Perennial Warm-Season Grasslands Managed for Grazing and Biomass Production. Agronomy. 2013; 3(3):508-523.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Bonin, Catherine; Flores, Joao; Lal, Rattan; Tracy, Benjamin. 2013. "Root Characteristics of Perennial Warm-Season Grasslands Managed for Grazing and Biomass Production." Agronomy 3, no. 3: 508-523.

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