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Large Genetic Variability in Chickpea for Tolerance to Herbicides Imazethapyr and Metribuzin
International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT), Patancheru, Hyderabad 502 324, Andhra Pradesh, India
Central Arid Zone Research Institute (CAZRI), Jodhpur 342003, Rajasthan, India
Indian Institute of Pulses Research (IIPR), Kanpur 208 024, Uttar Pradesh, India
Punjab Agricultural University (P.A.U.), Ludhiana 141 004, Punjab, India
Indian Agricultural Research Institute (IARI), New Delhi 110 012, India
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 25 March 2013; in revised form: 23 June 2013 / Accepted: 12 July 2013 / Published: 22 July 2013
Abstract: Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) is known to be sensitive to many herbicides and, therefore, choices for using post-emergence herbicides for weed control are limited. The present study was aimed at identifying sources of tolerance to two herbicides with different modes of action (imazethapyr—amino acid synthesis inhibitor; and metribuzin—photosynthesis inhibitor) for use in breeding herbicide tolerant cultivars. Screening of 300 diverse chickpea genotypes (278 accessions from the reference set and 22 breeding lines) revealed large genetic variations for tolerance to herbicides imazethapyr and metribuzin. In general, the sensitivity of the genotypes to metribuzin was higher compared to that for imazethapyr. Several genotypes tolerant to metribuzin (ICC 1205, ICC 1164, ICC 1161, ICC 8195, ICC 11498, ICC 9586, ICC 14402 ICC 283) and imazethapyr (ICC 3239, ICC 7867, ICC 1710, ICC 13441, ICC 13461, ICC 13357, ICC 7668, ICC 13187) were identified, based on average herbicide tolerance scores from two experimental locations each. The herbicide tolerant lines identified in this study will be useful resources for development of herbicide tolerant cultivars and for undertaking genetic and physiological studies on herbicide tolerance in chickpea.
Keywords: chickpea; Cicer arietinum; genetic variability; herbicide tolerance; imazethapyr; metribuzin
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Gaur, P.M.; Jukanti, A.K.; Samineni, S.; Chaturvedi, S.K.; Singh, S.; Tripathi, S.; Singh, I.; Singh, G.; Das, T.K.; Aski, M.; Mishra, N.; Nadarajan, N.; Gowda, C.L.L. Large Genetic Variability in Chickpea for Tolerance to Herbicides Imazethapyr and Metribuzin. Agronomy 2013, 3, 524-536.
Gaur PM, Jukanti AK, Samineni S, Chaturvedi SK, Singh S, Tripathi S, Singh I, Singh G, Das TK, Aski M, Mishra N, Nadarajan N, Gowda CLL. Large Genetic Variability in Chickpea for Tolerance to Herbicides Imazethapyr and Metribuzin. Agronomy. 2013; 3(3):524-536.
Gaur, Pooran M.; Jukanti, Aravind K.; Samineni, Srinivasan; Chaturvedi, Sushil K.; Singh, Sarvjeet; Tripathi, Shailesh; Singh, Inderjit; Singh, Guriqbal; Das, Tapas K.; Aski, Muraleedhar; Mishra, Neelu; Nadarajan, Nagasamy; Gowda, C. L.L. 2013. "Large Genetic Variability in Chickpea for Tolerance to Herbicides Imazethapyr and Metribuzin." Agronomy 3, no. 3: 524-536.