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Polymers 2017, 9(9), 452; https://doi.org/10.3390/polym9090452

Effect of the Grafting Reaction of Aluminum Nitride on the Multi-Walled Carbon Nanotubes on the Thermal Properties of the Poly(phenylene sulfide) Composites

1
Department of Biosystems & Biomaterials Science and Engineering, Seoul National University, Seoul 08826, Korea
2
Ceramic Fiber & Composite Center, Korea Institute of Ceramic Engineering and Technology, Jinju 52851, Korea
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 8 August 2017 / Revised: 12 September 2017 / Accepted: 13 September 2017 / Published: 15 September 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Polymer Nanocomposites)
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Abstract

In this study, the PPS/MWCNTs/AlN composite was prepared with poly(phenylene sulfide) (PPS), covalent functionalized multi-walled carbon nanotubes (fMWCNTs), and aluminum nitride (AlN) via melt-blending techniques. The AlN is a fascinating non-oxidizing ceramic material having the highest thermal conductivity among the ceramic materials. In order to introduce the functional groups on the surface of the AlN particles, a silane coupling agent was used as it is able to graft with the functional groups on the covalent functionalized MWCNTs. The silanization reaction of the AlN was confirmed qualitatively and quantitatively by FT-IR (Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy), and XPS (X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy). The grafting reaction of the AlN particles on the MWCNTs was confirmed using UV–Vis (Ultraviolet-Visible Spectroscopy), FE-SEM (Field-Emission Scanning Electron Microscopy) and FE-TEM (Field-Emission Transmission Electron Microscopy) images. The grafting reaction was accomplished by observing the change of the transmittance, the morphology of the AlN particle bonded to the MWCNTs. For the morphological changes of the fractured surface of the PPS/MWCNTs/AlN composites by FE-SEM, the hybrid filler was homogeneously dispersed on the PPS matrix when the AlN particle was grafted on the MWCNTs. The homogeneous distribution of the hybrid filler acts as a heat transfer path, which led the higher thermal properties, such as thermal conductivity, thermal resistance, and melting temperature than those of not grafted MWCNTs. View Full-Text
Keywords: poly(phenylene sulfide); multi-walled carbon nanotubes; aluminum nitride; grafting reaction; thermal property poly(phenylene sulfide); multi-walled carbon nanotubes; aluminum nitride; grafting reaction; thermal property
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Supplementary material

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    Doi: 10.1166/jnn.2017.13311
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Kim, M.; Park, S.; Park, J. Effect of the Grafting Reaction of Aluminum Nitride on the Multi-Walled Carbon Nanotubes on the Thermal Properties of the Poly(phenylene sulfide) Composites. Polymers 2017, 9, 452.

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