PVDF Membrane Morphology—Influence of Polymer Molecular Weight and Preparation Temperature
AbstractIn this study, we successfully prepared nine non-woven, supported polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) membranes, using a phase inversion precipitation method, starting from a 15 wt % PVDF solution in N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone. Various membrane morphologies were obtained by using (1) PVDF polymers, with diverse molecular weights ranging from 300 to 700 kDa, and (2) different temperature coagulation baths (20, 40, and 60 ± 2 °C) used for the film precipitation. An environmental scanning electron microscope (ESEM) was used for surface and cross-section morphology characterization. An atomic force microscope (AFM) was employed to investigate surface roughness, while a contact angle (CA) instrument was used for membrane hydrophobicity studies. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) results show that the fabricated membranes are formed by a mixture of TGTG’ chains, in α phase crystalline domains, and all-TTTT trans planar zigzag chains characteristic to β phase. Moreover, generated results indicate that the phases’ content and membrane morphologies depend on the polymer molecular weight and conditions used for the membranes’ preparation. The diversity of fabricated membranes could be applied by the End User Industries for different applications. View Full-Text
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Haponska, M.; Trojanowska, A.; Nogalska, A.; Jastrzab, R.; Gumi, T.; Tylkowski, B. PVDF Membrane Morphology—Influence of Polymer Molecular Weight and Preparation Temperature. Polymers 2017, 9, 718.
Haponska M, Trojanowska A, Nogalska A, Jastrzab R, Gumi T, Tylkowski B. PVDF Membrane Morphology—Influence of Polymer Molecular Weight and Preparation Temperature. Polymers. 2017; 9(12):718.Chicago/Turabian Style
Haponska, Monika; Trojanowska, Anna; Nogalska, Adrianna; Jastrzab, Renata; Gumi, Tania; Tylkowski, Bartosz. 2017. "PVDF Membrane Morphology—Influence of Polymer Molecular Weight and Preparation Temperature." Polymers 9, no. 12: 718.
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