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Polymers 2016, 8(9), 325; doi:10.3390/polym8090325

Additive Manufacture of Three Dimensional Nanocomposite Based Objects through Multiphoton Fabrication

1
Faculty of Engineering, The University of Nottingham, University Park, Nottingham NG7 2RD, UK
2
Nanoscale and Microscale Research Centre, The University of Nottingham, University Park, Nottingham NG7 2RD, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Georg von Freymann
Received: 25 May 2016 / Revised: 27 July 2016 / Accepted: 4 August 2016 / Published: 1 September 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Three-Dimensional Structures: Fabrication and Application)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [10491 KB, uploaded 1 September 2016]   |  

Abstract

Three-dimensional structures prepared from a gold-polymer composite formulation have been fabricated using multiphoton lithography. In this process, gold nanoparticles were simultaneously formed through photoreduction whilst polymerisation of two possible monomers was promoted. The monomers, trimethylopropane triacrylate (TMPTA) and pentaerythritol triacrylate (PETA) were mixed with a gold salt, but it was found that the addition of a ruthenium(II) complex enhanced both the geometrical uniformity and integrity of the polymerised/reduced material, enabling the first production of 3D gold-polymer structures by single step multiphoton lithography. View Full-Text
Keywords: multiphoton fabrication (MF); two-photon lithography (TPL); nanocomposite; gold nanoparticles; polymerisation; metal reduction; 3D printing; additive manufacturing multiphoton fabrication (MF); two-photon lithography (TPL); nanocomposite; gold nanoparticles; polymerisation; metal reduction; 3D printing; additive manufacturing
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Liu, Y.; Hu, Q.; Zhang, F.; Tuck, C.; Irvine, D.; Hague, R.; He, Y.; Simonelli, M.; Rance, G.A.; Smith, E.F.; Wildman, R.D. Additive Manufacture of Three Dimensional Nanocomposite Based Objects through Multiphoton Fabrication. Polymers 2016, 8, 325.

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