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Polymers 2016, 8(9), 319; doi:10.3390/polym8090319

Recent Advances for Flame Retardancy of Textiles Based on Phosphorus Chemistry

1
Additives and Chemistry, Advanced Fibers, Empa, Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology, St. Gallen CH-9014, Switzerland
2
Department of Applied Science and Technology, Local INSTM Unit, Politecnico di Torino, Viale T. Michel 5, 15121 Alessandria, Italy
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Baljinder Kandola, Abderrahim Boudenne and Paul Kiekens
Received: 30 June 2016 / Revised: 4 August 2016 / Accepted: 19 August 2016 / Published: 25 August 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Recent Advances in Flame Retardancy of Textile Related Products)

Abstract

This paper aims at updating the progress on the phosphorus-based flame retardants specifically designed and developed for fibers and fabrics (particularly referring to cotton, polyester and their blends) over the last five years. Indeed, as clearly depicted by Horrocks in a recent review, the world of flame retardants for textiles is still experiencing some changes that are focused on topics like the improvement of its effectiveness and the replacement of toxic chemical products with counterparts that have low environmental impact and, hence, are more sustainable. In this context, phosphorus-based compounds play a key role and may lead, possibly in combination with silicon- or nitrogen-containing structures, to the design of new, efficient flame retardants for fibers and fabrics. Therefore, this review thoroughly describes the advances and the potentialities offered by the phosphorus-based products recently developed at a lab-scale, highlighting the current limitations, open challenges and some perspectives toward their possible exploitation at a larger scale. View Full-Text
Keywords: flame retardants; fibers and fabrics; phosphorus-based products; biomacromolecules; cotton; polyester; cotton-polyester blends; polyamide flame retardants; fibers and fabrics; phosphorus-based products; biomacromolecules; cotton; polyester; cotton-polyester blends; polyamide
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Salmeia, K.A.; Gaan, S.; Malucelli, G. Recent Advances for Flame Retardancy of Textiles Based on Phosphorus Chemistry. Polymers 2016, 8, 319.

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