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Polymers 2016, 8(4), 139; doi:10.3390/polym8040139

Enzyme-Catalyzed Synthesis of Water-Soluble Conjugated Poly[2-(3-thienyl)-Ethoxy-4-Butylsulfonate]

School of Chemical Engineering and Technology, China University of Mining and Technology, Xuzhou 221116, China
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Academic Editor: Katja Loos
Received: 17 March 2016 / Revised: 1 April 2016 / Accepted: 8 April 2016 / Published: 13 April 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Enzymatic Polymer Synthesis)
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Abstract

An environmentally friendly water-soluble conjugated polythiophene poly[2-(3-thienyl)-ethoxy-4-butylsulfonate] (PTEBS) has been found to be effective for making hybrid solar cells. In this work, we first report the enzyme-catalyzed polymerization of (3-thienyl)-ethoxy-4-butylsulfonate (TEBS) using horseradish peroxidase (HRP) enzyme as a catalyst and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) as an oxidant in an aqueous buffer. This enzyme-catalyzed polymerization is a “green synthesis process” for the synthesis of water-soluble conjugated PTEBS, the benefits of which include a simple setting, high yields, and an environmentally friendly route. Fourier transform infrared spectra (FTIR) and UV–Vis absorption spectra confirm the successful enzyme-catalyzed polymerization of TEBS. The thermo gravimetric (TG) data show the obtained PTEBS is stable over a fairly high range of temperatures. The present PTEBS has a good solubility in water and ethanol, and photoluminescence quenching of PTEBS/titanium dioxide (TiO2) composite implies that the excitons dissociate and separate successfully at the interface of PTEBS and TiO2, which help to build solar cells using green processing methods. View Full-Text
Keywords: water-soluble polythiophene; enzyme-catalyzed polymerization; hybrid solar cell water-soluble polythiophene; enzyme-catalyzed polymerization; hybrid solar cell
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Zhao, Y.; Zhu, H.; Wang, X.; Liu, Y.; Wu, X.; Zhou, H.; Ni, Z. Enzyme-Catalyzed Synthesis of Water-Soluble Conjugated Poly[2-(3-thienyl)-Ethoxy-4-Butylsulfonate]. Polymers 2016, 8, 139.

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