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Polymers 2016, 8(10), 374; doi:10.3390/polym8100374

Synthesis of Thermo-Responsive Polymer via Radical (Co)polymerization of N,N-Dimethyl-α-(hydroxymethyl)acrylamide with N,N-Diethylacrylamide

Faculty of Textile Science and Technology, Shinshu University, Nagano 386-8567, Japan
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Shiyong Liu
Received: 12 September 2016 / Revised: 13 October 2016 / Accepted: 14 October 2016 / Published: 20 October 2016
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Abstract

α-Functionalized acrylamides have not been considered as an effective monomer design due to their poor polymerizability, although the analogues, α-functionalized acrylates, are attractive monomers of which polymers exhibit characteristic properties. In this article, we report the first example of radical polymerization of α-functionalized N,N-disubstituted acrylamide affording thermo-responsive hydrophilic polymers. N,N-dimethyl-α-(hydroxymethyl)acrylamide (DMαHAA) was (co)polymerized with N,N-diethylacrylamide (DEAA). Although the homopolymerization did not afford a polymeric product, the copolymerizations with various feed ratios yielded a series of the copolymers containing 0%–65% of DMαHAA units. The obtained copolymers exhibited a lower critical solution temperature (LCST) in water; the cloud points (Tcs) were linearly elevated as the contents of DMαHAA units from 32 to 64 °C, indicating that DMαHAA functioned as a more hydrophilic monomer than DEAA. The linear relationship between Tc and DMαHAA content suggests that the homopolymer, poly(DMαHAA), should have Tc at ca. 80 °C, although it is not available by direct radical homopolymerization. View Full-Text
Keywords: α-functionalized acrylamide; temperature-responsive polymer; lower critical solution temperature; hydrophilic monomer; radical polymerization α-functionalized acrylamide; temperature-responsive polymer; lower critical solution temperature; hydrophilic monomer; radical polymerization
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Kohsaka, Y.; Tanimoto, Y. Synthesis of Thermo-Responsive Polymer via Radical (Co)polymerization of N,N-Dimethyl-α-(hydroxymethyl)acrylamide with N,N-Diethylacrylamide. Polymers 2016, 8, 374.

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