Tailoring Membrane Surface Charges: A Novel Study on Electrostatic Interactions during Membrane Fouling
AbstractIn this work we aim to show that the overall surface potential is a key factor to understand and predict anti-fouling characteristics of a polymer membrane. Therefore, polyvinylidene fluoride membranes were modified by electron beam-induced grafting reactions forming neutral, acidic, alkaline or zwitterionic structures on the membrane surface. The differently charged membranes were investigated regarding their surface properties using diverse analytical methods: zeta potential, static and dynamic water contact angle, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). Porosimetry measurements proved that there is no pore blocking due to the modifications. Monodisperse suspensions of differently charged polystyrene beads were synthesized by a radical emulsion polymerization reaction and were used as a model fouling reagent, preventing comparability problems known from current literature. To simulate membrane fouling, different bead suspensions were filtered through the membranes. The fouling characteristics were investigated regarding permeation flux decline and concentration of model fouling reagent in filtrate as well as by SEM. By considering electrostatic interactions equal to hydrophobic interactions we developed a novel fouling test system, which enables the prediction of a membrane’s fouling tendency. Electrostatic forces are dominating, especially when charged fouling reagents are present, and can help to explain fouling characteristics that cannot be explained considering the surface wettability. View Full-Text
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Breite, D.; Went, M.; Prager, A.; Schulze, A. Tailoring Membrane Surface Charges: A Novel Study on Electrostatic Interactions during Membrane Fouling. Polymers 2015, 7, 2017-2030.
Breite D, Went M, Prager A, Schulze A. Tailoring Membrane Surface Charges: A Novel Study on Electrostatic Interactions during Membrane Fouling. Polymers. 2015; 7(10):2017-2030.Chicago/Turabian Style
Breite, Daniel; Went, Marco; Prager, Andrea; Schulze, Agnes. 2015. "Tailoring Membrane Surface Charges: A Novel Study on Electrostatic Interactions during Membrane Fouling." Polymers 7, no. 10: 2017-2030.