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A Unified Theoretical Model for the Monotonic and Cyclic Response of FRP Strips Glued to Concrete
Department of Civil Engineering, University of Salerno, via Giovanni Paolo II, 84084 Fisciano (SA), Italy
CONICET (Argentinean National Council of Scientific and Technical Research) and University of Buenos Aires, Av. Las Heras 2214, C1127AAR CABA, Argentina
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 30 November 2013; in revised form: 20 January 2014 / Accepted: 27 January 2014 / Published: 3 February 2014
Abstract: The mechanical behavior of the adhesive interface between the fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) strip and the concrete substrate often controls the response of FRP-strengthened reinforced concrete (RC) members. Plenty of studies devoted to understanding the mechanical behavior of FRP strips glued to concrete are currently available in the scientific literature. However, they are mainly focused on the response under monotonic actions, which is certainly relevant in a wide class of practical applications. Conversely, few contributions are currently available to better understand the response of FRP-to-concrete interfaces under cyclic actions, such as those deriving from either seismic excitations or traffic loads. This paper presents a unified numerical approach to simulate both monotonic and cyclic behavior of FRP plates glued on quasi-brittle substrates like those made of concrete. Particularly, a damage-based approach is proposed to simulate the fracture behavior of FRP-to-concrete joints under loading/unloading cycling tests. The model is formulated within the general framework of Fracture Mechanics and is based on assuming that fracture at the FRP-to-concrete interface develops in (pure shear) mode II, as widely accepted in similar problems. Two alternative expressions of the bond-slip behavior are herein considered and their preliminary validation is finally proposed. The proposed results highlight the difference between the monotonic and the cyclic response; particularly, they show that the latter is characterized by a significantly lower force and displacement capacity.
Keywords: FRP; concrete; bond; fracture mechanics; pull-out; cyclic actions
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Martinelli, E.; Caggiano, A. A Unified Theoretical Model for the Monotonic and Cyclic Response of FRP Strips Glued to Concrete. Polymers 2014, 6, 370-381.
Martinelli E, Caggiano A. A Unified Theoretical Model for the Monotonic and Cyclic Response of FRP Strips Glued to Concrete. Polymers. 2014; 6(2):370-381.
Martinelli, Enzo; Caggiano, Antonio. 2014. "A Unified Theoretical Model for the Monotonic and Cyclic Response of FRP Strips Glued to Concrete." Polymers 6, no. 2: 370-381.