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Polymers 2018, 10(7), 698; https://doi.org/10.3390/polym10070698

Kinetic Prediction of Fast Curing Polyurethane Resins by Model-Free Isoconversional Methods

Chair of Plastics Technology, TU Dortmund University, Leonhard-Euler-Str. 5, D-44227 Dortmund, Germany
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Received: 7 May 2018 / Revised: 18 June 2018 / Accepted: 21 June 2018 / Published: 23 June 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Polymerization Kinetics)
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Abstract

In this work, the characterisation of reaction kinetics of a methylene diphenyl diisocyanate (MDI)-based fast curing polyurethane resin (PUR) and the mathematical description of its curing process are presented. For the modelling of the reaction process isoconversional methods, which are also called model-free approaches, are used instead of model-based approaches. One of the main challenges is the characterisation of a reactive system with a short pot life, which already starts to crosslink below room temperature. The main focus is the evaluation of the applicability of isoconversional methods for predicting the reaction kinetics of fast curing polyurethane resins. In order to realise this, a repeatable methodology for the determination of time- and temperature-dependent reaction curves using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) is defined. The cure models defined by this method serve as the basis for process simulations of PUR processing technologies such as resin transfer moulding (RTM) or reactive injection moulding (RIM) and reactive extrusion (REX). The characterisation of the reaction kinetics using DSC measurements is carried out under isothermal and non-isothermal conditions. Within this work isoconversional methods have been applied successfully to experimentally determined DSC data sets. It is shown that the reaction kinetics of fast curing polyurethane resins can be predicted using this methods. Furthermore, it is demonstrated that the time-dependent change of conversion of the considered polyurethane under isothermal curing conditions can also be predicted using isoconversional methods based on non-isothermal DSC measurements. This results in a significant reduction in the experimental effort required to characterise and model the curing process of polyurethanes. View Full-Text
Keywords: isoconversional methods; reaction kinetics; fast curing polyurethane resin; differential scanning calorimetry isoconversional methods; reaction kinetics; fast curing polyurethane resin; differential scanning calorimetry
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Stanko, M.; Stommel, M. Kinetic Prediction of Fast Curing Polyurethane Resins by Model-Free Isoconversional Methods. Polymers 2018, 10, 698.

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