Investigating the Mechanism of Horseradish Peroxidase as a RAFT-Initiase
AbstractA detailed mechanistic and kinetic study of enzymatically initiated RAFT polymerization is performed by combining enzymatic assays and polymerization kinetics analysis. Horseradish peroxidase (HRP) initiated RAFT polymerization of dimethylacrylamide (DMAm) was studied. This polymerization was controlled by 2-(propionic acid)ylethyl trithiocarbonate (PAETC) in the presence of H2O2 as a substrate and acetylacetone (ACAC) as a mediator. In general, well controlled polymers with narrow molecular weight distributions and good agreement between theoretical and measured molecular weights are consistently obtained by this method. Kinetic and enzymatic assay analyses show that HRP loading accelerates the reaction, with a critical concentration of ACAC needed to effectively generate polymerization initiating radicals. The PAETC RAFT agent is required to control the reaction, although the RAFT agent also has an inhibitory effect on enzymatic performance and polymerization. Interestingly, although H2O2 is the substrate for HRP there is an optimal concentration near 1 mM, under the conditions studies, with higher or lower concentrations leading to lower polymerization rates and poorer enzymatic activity. This is explained through a competition between the H2O2 acting as a substrate, but also an inhibitor of HRP at high concentrations. View Full-Text
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Danielson, A.P.; Van-Kuren, D.B.; Bornstein, J.P.; Kozuszek, C.T.; Berberich, J.A.; Page, R.C.; Konkolewicz, D. Investigating the Mechanism of Horseradish Peroxidase as a RAFT-Initiase. Polymers 2018, 10, 741.
Danielson AP, Van-Kuren DB, Bornstein JP, Kozuszek CT, Berberich JA, Page RC, Konkolewicz D. Investigating the Mechanism of Horseradish Peroxidase as a RAFT-Initiase. Polymers. 2018; 10(7):741.Chicago/Turabian Style
Danielson, Alex P.; Van-Kuren, Dylan B.; Bornstein, Joshua P.; Kozuszek, Caleb T.; Berberich, Jason A.; Page, Richard C.; Konkolewicz, Dominik. 2018. "Investigating the Mechanism of Horseradish Peroxidase as a RAFT-Initiase." Polymers 10, no. 7: 741.
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