Designing Green Plasticizers: Linear Alkyl Diol Dibenzoate Plasticizers and a Thermally Reversible Plasticizer
AbstractSeveral linear alkyl diol dibenzoate compounds, ranging from C3 to C6 in central diol length, were evaluated for their plasticizing effectiveness in blends with poly(vinyl chloride) (PVC). The results were compared to blends of PVC/di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP), the most commonly used commercial plasticizer. DEHP has come under scrutiny, due to its suspected endocrine-disrupting behaviour, and the proposed diol dibenzoates have previously been shown to have the potential to be green, safe candidates for DEHP replacement. The thermal and mechanical properties of PVC/dibenzoate blends were determined, and include glass transition temperature (Tg), the elongation at break, maximum stress, apparent moduli, torsional modulus, and surface hardness. The C3, C5, and C6 dibenzoates performed as well as or better than DEHP, with the exception of torsional modulus, further supporting their use as green plasticizers. For blends with 1,4-butanediol dibenzoate, differential scanning calorimetry and torsional temperature sweeps suggested that the compound partly crystallizes within PVC blends over the course of two days, thereby losing the ability to effectively plasticize PVC. However, upon heating to temperatures above 60 °C, effective plasticization was again observed. 1,4-Butanediol dibenzoate is thereby a reversible heat-activated plasticizer or processing aid with excellent plasticizer properties at mildly elevated temperatures. View Full-Text
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Erythropel, H.C.; Börmann, A.; Nicell, J.A.; Leask, R.L.; Maric, M. Designing Green Plasticizers: Linear Alkyl Diol Dibenzoate Plasticizers and a Thermally Reversible Plasticizer. Polymers 2018, 10, 646.
Erythropel HC, Börmann A, Nicell JA, Leask RL, Maric M. Designing Green Plasticizers: Linear Alkyl Diol Dibenzoate Plasticizers and a Thermally Reversible Plasticizer. Polymers. 2018; 10(6):646.Chicago/Turabian Style
Erythropel, Hanno C.; Börmann, Aurélie; Nicell, Jim A.; Leask, Richard L.; Maric, Milan. 2018. "Designing Green Plasticizers: Linear Alkyl Diol Dibenzoate Plasticizers and a Thermally Reversible Plasticizer." Polymers 10, no. 6: 646.
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