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Polymers 2018, 10(1), 29; https://doi.org/10.3390/polym10010029

Thermomechanical Behavior of Polymer Composites Based on Edge-Selectively Functionalized Graphene Nanosheets

1,†
,
1,†
and
2,*
1
Institute of Advanced Composite Materials, Korea Institute of Science and Technology (KIST), Jeonbuk 565-902, Korea
2
Department of Chemistry Education, Chemistry Building, Kyungpook National University, 80, Daehak-ro, Buk-gu, Daegu 41566, Korea
K.-H.N. and J.C. contributed equally to this work.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 21 November 2017 / Revised: 22 December 2017 / Accepted: 23 December 2017 / Published: 26 December 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Graphene-Polymer Composites)
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Abstract

In this study, we demonstrate an effective approach based on a simple processing method to improve the thermomechanical properties of graphene polymer composites (GPCs). Edge-selectively functionalized graphene (EFG) was successfully obtained through simple ball milling of natural graphite in the presence of dry ice, which acted as the source of carboxyl functional groups that were attached to the peripheral basal plane of graphene. The resultant EFG is highly dispersible in various organic solvents and contributes to improving their physical properties because of its unique characteristics. Pyromellitic dianhydride (PMDA) and 4,4′-oxydianiline (ODA) were used as monomers for constructing the polyimide (PI) backbone, after which PI/EFG composites were prepared by in situ polymerization. A stepwise thermal imidization method was used to prepare the PI films for comparison purposes. The PI/EFG composite films were found to exhibit reinforced thermal and thermo-mechanical properties compared to neat PI owing to the interaction between the EFG and PI matrix. View Full-Text
Keywords: graphene; polyimide; polymer composite; thermo-mechanical properties graphene; polyimide; polymer composite; thermo-mechanical properties
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Nam, K.-H.; Cho, J.; Yeo, H. Thermomechanical Behavior of Polymer Composites Based on Edge-Selectively Functionalized Graphene Nanosheets. Polymers 2018, 10, 29.

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