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Polymers 2018, 10(1), 61; https://doi.org/10.3390/polym10010061

Intercalation Polymerization Approach for Preparing Graphene/Polymer Composites

1
Key Laboratory of Advanced Technologies of Materials (Ministry of Education), School of Materials Science and Engineering, Southwest Jiaotong University, Chengdu 610031, China
2
Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of New Orleans, New Orleans, LA 70148, USA
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 5 December 2017 / Revised: 28 December 2017 / Accepted: 5 January 2018 / Published: 10 January 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Graphene-Polymer Composites)
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Abstract

The rapid development of society has promoted increasing demand for various polymer materials. A large variety of efforts have been applied in order for graphene strengthened polymer composites to satisfy different requirements. Graphene/polymer composites synthesized by traditional strategies display some striking defects, like weak interfacial interaction and agglomeration of graphene, leading to poor improvement in performance. Furthermore, the creation of pre-prepared graphene while being necessary always involves troublesome processes. Among the various preparation strategies, an appealing approach relies on intercalation and polymerization in the interlayer of graphite and has attracted researchers’ attention due to its reliable, fast and simple synthesis. In this review, we introduce an intercalation polymerization strategy to graphene/polymer composites by the intercalation of molecules/ions into graphite interlayers, as well as subsequent polymerization. The key point for regulating intercalation polymerization is tuning the structure of graphite and intercalants for better interaction. Potential applications of the resulting graphene/polymer composites, including electrical conductivity, electromagnetic absorption, mechanical properties and thermal conductivity, are also reviewed. Furthermore, the shortcomings, challenges and prospects of intercalation polymerization are discussed, which will be helpful to researchers working in related fields. View Full-Text
Keywords: graphene/polymer composites; intercalation of graphite; exfoliation intercalation polymerization; interaction graphene/polymer composites; intercalation of graphite; exfoliation intercalation polymerization; interaction
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Guo, Y.; Peng, F.; Wang, H.; Huang, F.; Meng, F.; Hui, D.; Zhou, Z. Intercalation Polymerization Approach for Preparing Graphene/Polymer Composites. Polymers 2018, 10, 61.

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