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Crystals 2018, 8(8), 325; https://doi.org/10.3390/cryst8080325

Metal–Organic Framework Hybrid Materials and Their Applications

Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, California State University, Los Angeles, CA 90032-8530, USA
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Received: 24 July 2018 / Revised: 8 August 2018 / Accepted: 10 August 2018 / Published: 14 August 2018
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Abstract

The inherent porous nature and facile tunability of metal–organic frameworks (MOFs) make them ideal candidates for use in multiple fields. MOF hybrid materials are derived from existing MOFs hybridized with other materials or small molecules using a variety of techniques. This led to superior performance of the new materials by combining the advantages of MOF components and others. In this review, we discuss several hybridization methods for the preparation of various MOF hybrids with representative examples from the literature. These methods include covalent modifications, noncovalent modifications, and using MOFs as templates or precursors. We also review the applications of the MOF hybrids in the fields of catalysis, drug delivery, gas storage and separation, energy storage, sensing, and others. View Full-Text
Keywords: metal–organic frameworks; hybrid materials; post-synthetic modifications; covalent modifications; noncovalent interactions; encapsulation; layer-by-layer deposition; in situ growth; MOF (metal-organic framework) template; MOF (metal-organic framework) precursor metal–organic frameworks; hybrid materials; post-synthetic modifications; covalent modifications; noncovalent interactions; encapsulation; layer-by-layer deposition; in situ growth; MOF (metal-organic framework) template; MOF (metal-organic framework) precursor
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Sosa, J.D.; Bennett, T.F.; Nelms, K.J.; Liu, B.M.; Tovar, R.C.; Liu, Y. Metal–Organic Framework Hybrid Materials and Their Applications. Crystals 2018, 8, 325.

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