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Crystals 2015, 5(3), 394-404; doi:10.3390/cryst5030394

Electrically Rotatable Polarizer Using One-Dimensional Photonic Crystal with a Nematic Liquid Crystal Defect Layer

1
Graduate School of Science and Engineering, Ehime University, 3 Bunkyo-Cho, Matsuyama, Ehime 790-8577, Japan
2
Division of Electrical, Electronic and Information Engineering, Graduate School of Engineering, Osaka University, 2-1 Yamada-oka, Suita, Osaka 565-0871, Japan
3
Shimane Institute for Industrial Technology, Matsue, Shimane 690-0816, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Oleg D. Lavrentovich
Received: 31 July 2015 / Revised: 4 September 2015 / Accepted: 10 September 2015 / Published: 14 September 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Liquid Crystal Films)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1514 KB, uploaded 14 September 2015]   |  

Abstract

Polarization characteristics of defect mode peaks in a one-dimensional (1D) photonic crystal (PC) with a nematic liquid crystal (NLC) defect layer have been investigated. Two different polarized defect modes are observed in a stop band. One group of defect modes is polarized along the long molecular axis of the NLC, whereas another group is polarized along its short axis. Polarizations of the defect modes can be tuned by field-induced in-plane reorientation of the NLC in the defect layer. The polarization properties of the 1D PC with the NLC defect layer is also investigated by the finite difference time domain (FDTD) simulation. View Full-Text
Keywords: liquid crystal; photonic crystal; polarization liquid crystal; photonic crystal; polarization
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Ozaki, R.; Ozaki, M.; Yoshino, K. Electrically Rotatable Polarizer Using One-Dimensional Photonic Crystal with a Nematic Liquid Crystal Defect Layer. Crystals 2015, 5, 394-404.

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