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Catalysts 2018, 8(1), 2; doi:10.3390/catal8010002

Olefins from Biomass Intermediates: A Review

1
Department of Chemical Engineering, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, University Campus, 54124 Thessaloniki, Greece
2
Chemical Process Engineering Research Institute (CERTH/CPERI), P.O. Box 60361 Thermi, 57001 Thessaloniki, Greece
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 16 November 2017 / Revised: 14 December 2017 / Accepted: 19 December 2017 / Published: 23 December 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Glycerol Conversion by Heterogeneous Catalysis)
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Abstract

Over the last decade, increasing demand for olefins and their valuable products has prompted research on novel processes and technologies for their selective production. As olefins are predominately dependent on fossil resources, their production is limited by the finite reserves and the associated economic and environmental concerns. The need for alternative routes for olefin production is imperative in order to meet the exceedingly high demand, worldwide. Biomass is considered a promising alternative feedstock that can be converted into the valuable olefins, among other chemicals and fuels. Through processes such as fermentation, gasification, cracking and deoxygenation, biomass derivatives can be effectively converted into C2–C4 olefins. This short review focuses on the conversion of biomass-derived oxygenates into the most valuable olefins, e.g., ethylene, propylene, and butadiene. View Full-Text
Keywords: olefins; biomass; ethylene; propylene; butadiene; catalysis olefins; biomass; ethylene; propylene; butadiene; catalysis
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Zacharopoulou, V.; Lemonidou, A.A. Olefins from Biomass Intermediates: A Review. Catalysts 2018, 8, 2.

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