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Catalysts 2017, 7(7), 218; doi:10.3390/catal7070218

Catalytic Conversion of Carbohydrates to Furanic Derivatives in the Presence of Choline Chloride

IC2MP, UMR CNRS 7285, Université de Poitiers, 86073 Poitiers, France
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Montserrat Gómez and Daniel Pla
Received: 30 June 2017 / Revised: 12 July 2017 / Accepted: 13 July 2017 / Published: 20 July 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Catalysis in Innovative Solvents)
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Abstract

The synthesis of furanic derivatives (5-hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF), furfural…) from carbohydrates is of high interest for a wide range of applications. These reactions are carried out in the presence of various solvents, and among them choline chloride can be used. It is a salt that can form a low melting mixture with a carbohydrate (fructose, glucose…) or a deep eutectic mixture with carboxylic acid. A review of the studies performed in the conversion of carbohydrates to furanic derivatives in the presence of choline chloride is presented here with the advantages and drawbacks of this solvent. Choline chloride can enhance the selectivity to HMF by stabilizing effect and allows the conversion of highly concentrated feed. However, the extraction of the products from these solvents still needs improvement. View Full-Text
Keywords: carbohydrates; furanic derivatives; choline chloride; low melting mixture; deep eutectic solvent carbohydrates; furanic derivatives; choline chloride; low melting mixture; deep eutectic solvent
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Jérôme, F.; De Oliveira Vigier, K. Catalytic Conversion of Carbohydrates to Furanic Derivatives in the Presence of Choline Chloride. Catalysts 2017, 7, 218.

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