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Catalysts 2016, 6(3), 43; doi:10.3390/catal6030043

Low-Temperature Oxidation of Dimethyl Ether to Polyoxymethylene Dimethyl Ethers over CNT-Supported Rhenium Catalyst

1
State Key Laboratory of Coal Conversion, Institute of Coal Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Taiyuan 030001, China
2
Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Stuart H. Taylor
Received: 14 December 2015 / Revised: 29 February 2016 / Accepted: 3 March 2016 / Published: 14 March 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Catalysts for Selective Oxidation)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [3336 KB, uploaded 14 March 2016]   |  

Abstract

Due to its excellent conductivity, good thermal stability and large specific surface area, carbon nano-tubes (CNTs) were selected as support to prepare a Re-based catalyst for dimethyl ether (DME) direct oxidation to polyoxymethylene dimethyl ethers (DMMx). The catalyst performance was tested in a continuous flow type fixed-bed reactor. H3PW12O40 (PW12) was used to modify Re/CNTs to improve its activity and selectivity. The effects of PW12 content, reaction temperature, gas hourly space velocity (GHSV) and reaction time on DME oxidation to DMMx were investigated. The results showed that modification of CNT-supported Re with 30% PW12 significantly increased the selectivity of DMM and DMM2 up to 59.0% from 6.6% with a DME conversion of 8.9%; besides that, there was no COx production observed in the reaction under the optimum conditions of 513 K and 1800 h−1. The techniques of XRD, BET, NH3-TPD, H2-TPR, XPS, TEM and SEM were used to characterize the structure, surface properties and morphology of the catalysts. The optimum amount of weak acid sites and redox sites promotes the synthesis of DMM and DMM2 from DME direct oxidation. View Full-Text
Keywords: dimethyl ether; low-temperature oxidation; polyoxymethylene dimethyl ethers; carbon nano-tubes; Re; H3PW12O40 dimethyl ether; low-temperature oxidation; polyoxymethylene dimethyl ethers; carbon nano-tubes; Re; H3PW12O40
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Zhang, Q.; Wang, W.; Zhang, Z.; Han, Y.; Tan, Y. Low-Temperature Oxidation of Dimethyl Ether to Polyoxymethylene Dimethyl Ethers over CNT-Supported Rhenium Catalyst. Catalysts 2016, 6, 43.

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