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Catalysts 2015, 5(3), 1352-1374; doi:10.3390/catal5031352

Iron Fischer-Tropsch Catalysts Prepared by Solvent-Deficient Precipitation (SDP): Effects of Washing, Promoter Addition Step, and Drying Temperature

1
Department of Chemical Engineering, Brigham Young University, Provo, UT, 84602, USA
2
Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Brigham Young University, Provo, UT, 84602, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Keith Hohn
Received: 10 April 2015 / Revised: 5 July 2015 / Accepted: 15 July 2015 / Published: 24 July 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Feature Papers to Celebrate the Landmarks of Catalysts)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [8864 KB, uploaded 24 July 2015]   |  

Abstract

A novel, solvent-deficient precipitation (SDP) method for catalyst preparation in general and for preparation of iron FT catalysts in particular is reported. Eight catalysts using a 23 factorial design of experiments to identify the key preparation variables were prepared. The catalysts were characterized by electron microprobe, N2 adsorption, TEM, XRD, and ICP. Results show that the morphology of the catalysts, i.e., surface area, pore volume, pore size distribution, crystallite sizes, and promoter distribution are significantly influenced by (1) whether or not the precursor catalyst is washed, (2) the promoter addition step, and (3) the drying condition (temperature). Consequently, the activity, selectivity, and stability of the catalysts determined from fixed-bed testing are also affected by these three variables. Unwashed catalysts prepared by a one-step method and dried at 100 °C produced the most active catalysts for FT synthesis. The catalysts of this study prepared by SDP compared favorably in activity, productivity, and stability with Fe FT catalysts reported in the literature. It is believed that this facile SDP approach has promise for development of future FT catalysts, and also offers a potential alternate route for the preparation of other catalysts for various other applications. View Full-Text
Keywords: Fischer-Tropsch synthesis; solvent-deficient precipitation; iron catalyst; catalyst preparation; catalyst characterization; Fischer-Tropsch catalyst Fischer-Tropsch synthesis; solvent-deficient precipitation; iron catalyst; catalyst preparation; catalyst characterization; Fischer-Tropsch catalyst
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Brunner, K.M.; Huang, B.; Woodfield, B.F.; Hecker, W.C. Iron Fischer-Tropsch Catalysts Prepared by Solvent-Deficient Precipitation (SDP): Effects of Washing, Promoter Addition Step, and Drying Temperature. Catalysts 2015, 5, 1352-1374.

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