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Fabrication and Catalytic Activity of Thermally Stable Gold Nanoparticles on Ultrastable Y (USY) Zeolites
Department of Chemistry and Biotechnology, Graduate School of Engineering, Tottori University, 4-101 Koyama-cho Minami, Tottori 680-8552, Japan
Research Department, NISSAN ARC, LTD., Yokosuka 237-0061, Japan
Faculty of Chemistry, Jagiellonian University, Ingardena Street 3, 30-060 Krakow, Poland
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 22 April 2013; in revised form: 17 June 2013 / Accepted: 1 July 2013 / Published: 9 July 2013
Abstract: Au was deposited on ultrastable Y (USY) zeolites using an ion-exchange method. Up to 5.5 wt% Au was introduced into the NH4-form of USY zeolites. In contrast, deposition of Au hardly took place on the H- and Na-forms of Y-type zeolites, NH4-forms of mordenite, and ZSM-5. Treatment of the Au-loaded USY zeolite in a H2 atmosphere, afforded Au0 nanoparticles. These particles were thermally stable even at 973 K, where their mean particle diameter was 3.7 nm. In contrast, highly aggregated Au particles were observed after thermal treatment at temperatures lower than 523 K, followed by storage in air for a month. The resulting particle sizes were in good correlation with the IR band intensity of the adsorbed CO and the catalytic activity of Au in the aerobic oxidation of benzyl alcohol. The Au nanoparticles showed highest activity when the Au/USY zeolite was thermally treated at 673–973 K. A negligible deactivation was observed after repeating the reaction at least 12 times. In the case of Au/TiO2 catalyst prepared by the deposition-precipitation method, the highest activity was observed at 573 K, which was lower than the temperature used for the Au/USY zeolites. This study demonstrated the potential use of the NH4-form of USY zeolites for supporting Au.
Keywords: gold cluster; nanoparticle; USY zeolite; Brønsted acid; partial oxidation
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Sanada, T.; Murakami, C.; Góra-Marek, K.; Iida, K.; Katada, N.; Okumura, K. Fabrication and Catalytic Activity of Thermally Stable Gold Nanoparticles on Ultrastable Y (USY) Zeolites. Catalysts 2013, 3, 599-613.
Sanada T, Murakami C, Góra-Marek K, Iida K, Katada N, Okumura K. Fabrication and Catalytic Activity of Thermally Stable Gold Nanoparticles on Ultrastable Y (USY) Zeolites. Catalysts. 2013; 3(3):599-613.
Sanada, Takashi; Murakami, Chika; Góra-Marek, Kinga; Iida, Keiko; Katada, Naonobu; Okumura, Kazu. 2013. "Fabrication and Catalytic Activity of Thermally Stable Gold Nanoparticles on Ultrastable Y (USY) Zeolites." Catalysts 3, no. 3: 599-613.