Next Article in Journal
Dysregulation of miRNA Expression in Cancer Associated Fibroblasts (CAFs) and Its Consequences on the Tumor Microenvironment
Next Article in Special Issue
Self-Esteem and Academic Difficulties in Preadolescents and Adolescents Healed from Paediatric Leukaemia
Previous Article in Journal
Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor Cell Proliferation Signaling Pathways
Previous Article in Special Issue
Predictors of Posttraumatic Stress and Posttraumatic Growth in Childhood Cancer Survivors
Article Menu
Issue 5 (May) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessReview
Cancers 2017, 9(5), 53; doi:10.3390/cancers9050053

Physical Activity and Quality of Life in Cancer Survivors: A Meta-Synthesis of Qualitative Research

1
School of Biomedical Sciences, Faculty of Biological Sciences, University of Leeds, Leeds LS29JT, UK
2
School of Human Kinetics, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Ottawa, Ottawa ON K1N6N5, Canada
3
Integrative Physiology and Critical Illness Group, Clinical and Experimental Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Southampton, Southampton SO17 1BJ, UK
4
Critical Care Research Area, Southampton NIHR Respiratory Biomedical Research Unit, Southampton SO16 6YD, UK
5
Anaesthesia and Critical Care Research Unit, University Hospital Southampton NHS Foundation Trust, Southampton SO16 6YD, UK
6
Academic Unit of Cancer Sciences, University Hospital Southampton NHS Foundation Trust, Southampton SO16 6YD, UK
7
Institut du Savoir de l’Hôpital Montfort (IRHM), Hôpital Montfort, Ottawa ON K1K 0T2, Canada
8
Cancer Therapeutic Program, Ottawa Hospital Research Institute (OHRI), Ottawa ON K1H 8L6, Canada
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Siu Fun Wong
Received: 14 January 2017 / Revised: 6 April 2017 / Accepted: 16 May 2017 / Published: 20 May 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Quality of Life for Cancer Patients)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [526 KB, uploaded 23 May 2017]   |  

Abstract

Qualitative research on the impact of physical activity on quality of life (QoL) in adults diagnosed with cancer is accumulating. However, the field of physical activity and cancer survivorship lack a synthesis of this research to reliably understand the implications for future research and practice. The aim of this meta-synthesis was to identify, appraise, and synthesize qualitative research on cancer survivors’ perspectives of the impact of physical activity on their QoL. Seven electronic databases were searched for original studies published in English, and reference lists of relevant studies were hand-searched to identify additional studies. Forty studies met eligibility criteria and were included in this meta-synthesis. Study characteristics and major findings were extracted, and findings were summarized, compared, and synthesized. Themes identified in this review revealed that physical activity positively impacted four dimensions of cancer survivors’ QoL: physical (e.g., managing the physical consequences of cancer and its treatment), psychological (e.g., evoking positive self-perceptions), social (e.g., feeling understood by others), and spiritual (e.g., redefining life purpose). This meta-synthesis corroborates conclusions from reviews of quantitative research and illustrates that physical activity can be used to improve QoL in adult cancer survivors, regardless of diagnosis (i.e., stage, cancer type) and treatment status. It also provides detailed insight into specific aspects within each dimension of QoL impacted by physical activity from cancer survivors’ perspectives, which is important for understanding the meaning and utility of physical activity for them. However, more research is needed to further develop the qualitative evidence base in order to better understand how physical activity impacts on QoL experiences in men, young adults, and adults diagnosed with less common types of cancer at different points along cancer trajectory (i.e., diagnosis, treatment, post-treatment, palliation). View Full-Text
Keywords: quality of life; physical activity; cancer; qualitative research quality of life; physical activity; cancer; qualitative research
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Burke, S.; Wurz, A.; Bradshaw, A.; Saunders, S.; West, M.A.; Brunet, J. Physical Activity and Quality of Life in Cancer Survivors: A Meta-Synthesis of Qualitative Research. Cancers 2017, 9, 53.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Cancers EISSN 2072-6694 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top