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Cancers 2017, 9(3), 26; doi:10.3390/cancers9030026

Predictors of Posttraumatic Stress and Posttraumatic Growth in Childhood Cancer Survivors

1
Institute of Psychology of the Czech Academy of Sciences, Brno, 60200, Czech Republic
2
Department of Pediatric Oncology, Children’s Medical Center, The University Hospital Brno, Brno, 60200, Czech Republic
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Siu Fun Wong
Received: 23 December 2016 / Revised: 25 February 2017 / Accepted: 13 March 2017 / Published: 16 March 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Quality of Life for Cancer Patients)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [255 KB, uploaded 16 March 2017]

Abstract

This longitudinal study aims to analyze predictors of posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) and posttraumatic growth (PTG) among gender, age, objective factors of the disease and its treatment, family environment factors and negative emotionality. The sample consisted of 97 childhood cancer survivors (50 girls and 47 boys) aged 11–25 years who were in remission 1.7 to seven years at T1 and four to 12.5 years at T2. Survivors completed a set of questionnaires including the Benefit Finding Scale for Children and the University of California at Los Angeles Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Index. Regression and correlation analyses were performed. The relation between PTSS and PTG was not proven. A higher level of PTSS (T2) was associated with higher levels of negative emotionality (T1). A higher level of PTG (T2) was connected to a higher level of warmth in parenting (T1), female gender and older age at assessment. Medical variables such as the severity of late effects and the time from treatment completion did not play a significant role in the prediction of PTSS and PTG. PTG and PTSS are more influenced by factors of parenting and emotional well-being of childhood cancer survivors than by objective medical data. View Full-Text
Keywords: posttraumatic stress; posttraumatic growth; benefit finding; childhood cancer survivors posttraumatic stress; posttraumatic growth; benefit finding; childhood cancer survivors
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Koutná, V.; Jelínek, M.; Blatný, M.; Kepák, T. Predictors of Posttraumatic Stress and Posttraumatic Growth in Childhood Cancer Survivors. Cancers 2017, 9, 26.

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