RASSF1A Site-Specific Methylation Hotspots in Cancer and Correlation with RASSF1C and MOAP-1
AbstractEpigenetic silencing of RASSF1A is frequently observed in numerous cancers and has been previously reported. The promoter region of RASSF1A is predicted to have 75 CpG sites, and very few studies demonstrate how the methylation of these sites affects expression. In addition, the expression relationship between RASSF1A and its downstream target, modulator of apoptosis 1 (MOAP-1), is poorly understood. In this study, we have explored the mRNA expression of RASSF1A, MOAP-1 and the well-characterized splice variant of RASSF1, RASSF1C, in cancer cell lines and primary tumors. We confirmed that the RASSF1A promoter is robustly methylated within a 32-CpG region in solid tumors and results in lower mRNA expression. The MOAP-1 promoter contains ~110 CpG sites, but was not found to be methylated in cancer cell lines when 19 predicted CpG sites were explored. Interestingly, MOAP-1 mRNA expression positively correlated with RASSF1A expression in numerous cancers, whereas RASSF1C expression remained the same or was increased in cell lines or tissues with epigenetic loss of RASSF1A. We speculate that MOAP-1 and RASSF1A may be more intimately connected than originally thought, and the expression of both are warranted in experimental designs exploring the biology of the RASSF1A/MOAP-1 molecular pathway. View Full-Text
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Volodko, N.; Salla, M.; Zare, A.; Abulghasem, E.-A.; Vincent, K.; Benesch, M.G.; McMullen, T.P.; Bathe, O.F.; Postovit, L.; Baksh, S. RASSF1A Site-Specific Methylation Hotspots in Cancer and Correlation with RASSF1C and MOAP-1. Cancers 2016, 8, 55.
Volodko N, Salla M, Zare A, Abulghasem E-A, Vincent K, Benesch MG, McMullen TP, Bathe OF, Postovit L, Baksh S. RASSF1A Site-Specific Methylation Hotspots in Cancer and Correlation with RASSF1C and MOAP-1. Cancers. 2016; 8(6):55.Chicago/Turabian Style
Volodko, Natalia; Salla, Mohamed; Zare, Alaa; Abulghasem, El-Arbi; Vincent, Krista; Benesch, Matthew G.; McMullen, Todd P.; Bathe, Oliver F.; Postovit, Lynne; Baksh, Shairaz. 2016. "RASSF1A Site-Specific Methylation Hotspots in Cancer and Correlation with RASSF1C and MOAP-1." Cancers 8, no. 6: 55.
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