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Cancers 2015, 7(4), 2309-2317; doi:10.3390/cancers7040892

Diet and Pancreatic Cancer Prevention

Metabolic Signalling Group, School of Biomedical Sciences, CHIRI Biosciences, Curtin University, Perth 6102, Australia
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Hildegard M. Schuller
Received: 12 August 2015 / Revised: 6 November 2015 / Accepted: 10 November 2015 / Published: 23 November 2015
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Abstract

Pancreatic cancer is without any doubt the malignancy with the poorest prognosis and the lowest survival rate. This highly aggressive disease is rarely diagnosed at an early stage and difficult to treat due to its resistance to radiotherapy and chemotherapy. Therefore, there is an urgent need to clarify the causes responsible for pancreatic cancer and to identify preventive strategies to reduce its incidence in the population. Some circumstances, such as smoking habits, being overweight and diabetes, have been identified as potentially predisposing factors to pancreatic cancer, suggesting that diet might play a role. A diet low in fat and sugars, together with a healthy lifestyle, regular exercise, weight reduction and not smoking, may contribute to prevent pancreatic cancer and many other cancer types. In addition, increasing evidence suggests that some food may have chemo preventive properties. Indeed, a high dietary intake of fresh fruit and vegetables has been shown to reduce the risk of developing pancreatic cancer, and recent epidemiological studies have associated nut consumption with a protective effect against it. Therefore, diet could have an impact on the development of pancreatic cancer and further investigations are needed to assess the potential chemo preventive role of specific foods against this disease. This review summarizes the key evidence for the role of dietary habits and their effect on pancreatic cancer and focuses on possible mechanisms for the association between diet and risk of pancreatic cancer. View Full-Text
Keywords: pancreatic cancer; cancer prevention; diet; obesity pancreatic cancer; cancer prevention; diet; obesity
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Casari, I.; Falasca, M. Diet and Pancreatic Cancer Prevention. Cancers 2015, 7, 2309-2317.

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