PP2A: The Wolf in Sheep’s Clothing?
AbstractProtein Phosphatase 2A (PP2A) is a major serine/threonine phosphatase in cells. It consists of a catalytic subunit (C), a structural subunit (A), and a regulatory/variable B-type subunit. PP2A has a critical role to play in homeostasis where its predominant function is as a phosphatase that regulates the major cell signaling pathways in cells. Changes in the assembly, activity and substrate specificity of the PP2A holoenzyme have a direct role in disease and are a major contributor to the maintenance of the transformed phenotype in cancer. We have learned a lot about how PP2A functions from specific mutations that disrupt the core assembly of PP2A and from viral proteins that target PP2A and inhibit its effect as a phosphatase. This prompted various studies revealing that restoration of PP2A activity benefits some cancer patients. However, our understanding of the mechanism of action of this is limited because of the complex nature of PP2A holoenzyme assembly and because it acts through a wide variety of signaling pathways. Information on PP2A is also conflicting as there are situations whereby inactivation of PP2A induces apoptosis in many cancer cells. In this review we discuss this relationship and we also address many of the pertinent and topical questions that relate to novel therapeutic strategies aimed at altering PP2A activity. View Full-Text
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Kiely, M.; Kiely, P.A. PP2A: The Wolf in Sheep’s Clothing? Cancers 2015, 7, 648-669.
Kiely M, Kiely PA. PP2A: The Wolf in Sheep’s Clothing? Cancers. 2015; 7(2):648-669.Chicago/Turabian Style
Kiely, Maeve; Kiely, Patrick A. 2015. "PP2A: The Wolf in Sheep’s Clothing?" Cancers 7, no. 2: 648-669.