Next Article in Journal
The Crosstalk of PTGS2 and EGF Signaling Pathways in Colorectal Cancer
Next Article in Special Issue
Peptide Based Vaccine Approaches for Cancer—A Novel Approach Using a WT-1 Synthetic Long Peptide and the IRX-2 Immunomodulatory Regimen
Previous Article in Journal
Targeted Radionuclide Therapy
Previous Article in Special Issue
Emerging Cancer Vaccines: The Promise of Genetic Vectors
Cancers 2011, 3(4), 3856-3893; doi:10.3390/cancers3043856

Cytokines in Cancer Immunotherapy

 and 1,2,*
Received: 16 August 2011 / Revised: 24 September 2011 / Accepted: 27 September 2011 / Published: 13 October 2011
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Cancer Vaccines and Immunotherapy)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [369 KB, uploaded 13 October 2011]   |   Browse Figures
Abstract: Cytokines are molecular messengers that allow the cells of the immune system to communicate with one another to generate a coordinated, robust, but self-limited response to a target antigen. The growing interest over the past two decades in harnessing the immune system to eradicate cancer has been accompanied by heightened efforts to characterize cytokines and exploit their vast signaling networks to develop cancer treatments. The goal of this paper is to review the major cytokines involved in cancer immunotherapy and discuss their basic biology and clinical applications. The paper will also describe new cytokines in pre-clinical development, combinations of biological agents, novel delivery mechanisms, and potential directions for future investigation using cytokines.
Keywords: cytokines; cancer; immunotherapy; interleukin-2; interferon cytokines; cancer; immunotherapy; interleukin-2; interferon
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Export to BibTeX |

MDPI and ACS Style

Lee, S.; Margolin, K. Cytokines in Cancer Immunotherapy. Cancers 2011, 3, 3856-3893.

AMA Style

Lee S, Margolin K. Cytokines in Cancer Immunotherapy. Cancers. 2011; 3(4):3856-3893.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Lee, Sylvia; Margolin, Kim. 2011. "Cytokines in Cancer Immunotherapy." Cancers 3, no. 4: 3856-3893.

Cancers EISSN 2072-6694 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert