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Radiofrequency Ablation: A Minimally Invasive Approach in Kidney Tumor Management
I Urology Department, Medical University of Lodz, Poland
II Urology Department, Medical University of Lodz, Poland
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 3 November 2010; in revised form: 8 November 2010 / Accepted: 11 November 2010 / Published: 17 November 2010
Abstract: The management and diagnosis of renal tumors have changed significantly over the last decade. Due to advances in imaging techniques, more than 50% of kidney tumors are discovered incidentally and many of them represent an early stage lesion. This has stimulated the development of nephron-sparing surgery and of the minimally invasive treatment options including ablative techniques, i.e., radiofrequency ablation (RFA) and cryoablation. The objective of the minimally invasive approach is to preserve the renal function and to lower the perioperative morbidity. RFA involves inducing the coagulative necrosis of tumor tissue. Being probably one of the least invasive procedures in kidney tumor management, RFA may be performed percutaneously under ultrasound (US), computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance (MR) guidance. Most of the studies show that the RFA procedure is efficient, safe and has a low complication rate. Due to the still limited data on the oncological outcome of RFA, the indication for this intervention remains limited to selected patients with small organ-confined renal tumors and contraindication to surgery or who have a solitary kidney. The aim of our study is to review the literature on RFA of kidney tumors.
Keywords: minimally invasive technique; renal tumor; radiofrequency ablation
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Salagierski, M.; Salagierski, M.S. Radiofrequency Ablation: A Minimally Invasive Approach in Kidney Tumor Management. Cancers 2010, 2, 1895-1900.
Salagierski M, Salagierski MS. Radiofrequency Ablation: A Minimally Invasive Approach in Kidney Tumor Management. Cancers. 2010; 2(4):1895-1900.
Salagierski, Maciej; Salagierski, Marek S. 2010. "Radiofrequency Ablation: A Minimally Invasive Approach in Kidney Tumor Management." Cancers 2, no. 4: 1895-1900.