Ultra-Stretchable Interconnects for High-Density Stretchable Electronics
AbstractThe exciting field of stretchable electronics (SE) promises numerous novel applications, particularly in-body and medical diagnostics devices. However, future advanced SE miniature devices will require high-density, extremely stretchable interconnects with micron-scale footprints, which calls for proven standardized (complementary metal-oxide semiconductor (CMOS)-type) process recipes using bulk integrated circuit (IC) microfabrication tools and fine-pitch photolithography patterning. Here, we address this combined challenge of microfabrication with extreme stretchability for high-density SE devices by introducing CMOS-enabled, free-standing, miniaturized interconnect structures that fully exploit their 3D kinematic freedom through an interplay of buckling, torsion, and bending to maximize stretchability. Integration with standard CMOS-type batch processing is assured by utilizing the Flex-to-Rigid (F2R) post-processing technology to make the back-end-of-line interconnect structures free-standing, thus enabling the routine microfabrication of highly-stretchable interconnects. The performance and reproducibility of these free-standing structures is promising: an elastic stretch beyond 2000% and ultimate (plastic) stretch beyond 3000%, with <0.3% resistance change, and >10 million cycles at 1000% stretch with <1% resistance change. This generic technology provides a new route to exciting highly-stretchable miniature devices. View Full-Text
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Shafqat, S.; Hoefnagels, J.P.M.; Savov, A.; Joshi, S.; Dekker, R.; Geers, M.G.D. Ultra-Stretchable Interconnects for High-Density Stretchable Electronics. Micromachines 2017, 8, 277.
Shafqat S, Hoefnagels JPM, Savov A, Joshi S, Dekker R, Geers MGD. Ultra-Stretchable Interconnects for High-Density Stretchable Electronics. Micromachines. 2017; 8(9):277.Chicago/Turabian Style
Shafqat, Salman; Hoefnagels, Johan P.M.; Savov, Angel; Joshi, Shivani; Dekker, Ronald; Geers, Marc G.D. 2017. "Ultra-Stretchable Interconnects for High-Density Stretchable Electronics." Micromachines 8, no. 9: 277.
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