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Micromachines 2017, 8(7), 207; doi:10.3390/mi8070207

Electroceutical Approach for Impairing the Motility of Pathogenic Bacterium Using a Microfluidic Platform

BioNano Laboratory, School of Engineering, University of Guelph, Guelph, ON N1G 2W1, Canada
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Received: 23 May 2017 / Revised: 20 June 2017 / Accepted: 27 June 2017 / Published: 29 June 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Biomedical Microfluidic Devices)
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Abstract

Electrotaxis, or galvanotaxis, refers to the migration pattern of cells induced in response to electrical potential. Electrotaxis has not been explored in detail in bacterial cells; information regarding the impact of current on pathogenic bacteria is severely lacking. Using microfluidic platforms and optical microscopy, we designed a series of single- and multi-cue experiments to assess the impact of varying electrical currents and acetic acid concentrations on bacterial motility dynamics in pathogenic multi-drug resistant (MDR) strains of Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Escherichia coli. The use of the microfluidic platform allows for single-cue experiments where electrical current is supplied at a range that is biocidal to bacteria and multi-cue experiments where acetic acid is combined with current to enhance disinfection. These strategies may offer substantial therapeutic benefits, specifically for the treatment of biofilm infections, such as those found in the wound environment. Our results showed that an application of current in combination with acetic acid has profound inhibitory effects on MDR strains of P. aeruginosa and E. coli, even with brief applications. Specifically, E. coli motility dynamics and cell survival were significantly impaired starting at a concentration of 0.125 mA of direct current (DC) and 0.31% acetic acid, while P. aeruginosa was impaired at 0.70 mA and 0.31% acetic acid. As these strains are relevant wound pathogens, it is likely that this strategy would be effective against similar strains in vivo and could represent a new approach to hasten wound healing. View Full-Text
Keywords: electrotaxis; P. aeruginosa; cell motility; galvanotaxis; microfluidics; wound healing electrotaxis; P. aeruginosa; cell motility; galvanotaxis; microfluidics; wound healing
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Berthelot, R.; Doxsee, K.; Neethirajan, S. Electroceutical Approach for Impairing the Motility of Pathogenic Bacterium Using a Microfluidic Platform. Micromachines 2017, 8, 207.

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