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Micromachines 2011, 2(1), 17-48; doi:10.3390/mi2010017

Self-Assembly in Micro- and Nanofluidic Devices: A Review of Recent Efforts

1 Institut de Science et d’Ingénierie Supramoléculaires (ISIS), Université de Strasbourg, CNRS UMR 7006, No. 8, allée Gaspard Monge, 67083 Strasbourg Cedex, France 2 Department of Engineering and System Science, National Tsing Hua University, No. 101, Sec. 2, Kuang-Fu Rd., Hsinchu 30013, Taiwan 3 Department of Mechanical and Mechatronic Engineering, National Taiwan Ocean University, No. 2, Pei-Ning Rd., Keelung 20224, Taiwan 4 Division of Mechanics, Research Center for Applied Sciences, Academia Sinica, No. 128, Academia Road, Sec. 2, Nankang, Taipei 115, Taiwan
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 1 December 2010 / Revised: 18 January 2011 / Accepted: 25 January 2011 / Published: 11 February 2011
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Self-Assembly)
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Self-assembly in micro- and nanofluidic devices has been the focus of much attention in recent years. This is not only due to their advantages of self-assembling with fine temporal and spatial control in addition to continuous processing that is not easily accessible in conventional batch procedures, but they have evolved to become indispensable tools to localize and assimilate micro- and nanocomponents into numerous applications, such as bioelectronics, drug delivery, photonics, novel microelectronic architectures, building blocks for tissue engineering and metamaterials, and nanomedicine. This review aims to focus on the most recent advancements and characteristic investigations on the self-assembly of micro- and nanoscopic objects in micro- and nanofluidic devices. Emphasis is placed on the salient aspects of this technology in terms of the types of micro- and nanomaterials being assembled, the principles and methodologies, as well as their novel applications.
Keywords: self-assembly; micro- and nanofluidic; building block self-assembly; micro- and nanofluidic; building block
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Khoo, H.S.; Lin, C.; Huang, S.-H.; Tseng, F.-G. Self-Assembly in Micro- and Nanofluidic Devices: A Review of Recent Efforts. Micromachines 2011, 2, 17-48.

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