Next Article in Journal
Type IV Secretion and Signal Transduction of Helicobacter pylori CagA through Interactions with Host Cell Receptors
Next Article in Special Issue
Study on the Association among Mycotoxins and other Variables in Children with Autism
Previous Article in Journal
Inflammatory Cytokines as Uremic Toxins: “Ni Son Todos Los Que Estan, Ni Estan Todos Los Que Son”
Previous Article in Special Issue
Nitrate Increased Cucumber Tolerance to Fusarium Wilt by Regulating Fungal Toxin Production and Distribution
Article Menu
Issue 4 (April) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Toxins 2017, 9(4), 117; doi:10.3390/toxins9040117

Survey on Urinary Levels of Aflatoxins in Professionally Exposed Workers

1
Servizio Prevenzione Sicurezza Ambienti di Lavoro, SPSAL—AUSL, 42122 Reggio Emilia, Italy
2
Laboratorio Nazionale di Riferimento (LNR) per le Micotossine—Istituto Superiore di Sanità, 00161 Roma, Italy
3
Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale di Lombardia ed Emilia Romagna—Reparto Chimico, 40127 Bologna
4
Agenzia Regionale per la Prevenzione, l’Ambiente e l’Energia—ARPAE, 42122 Reggio Emilia, Italy
5
Servizio Interaziendale di Epidemiologia, AUSL, Reggio Emilia, 42122 Reggio Emilia, Italy
6
Arcispedale Santa Maria Nuova, IRCCS, 42123 Reggio Emilia, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Isabelle P. Oswald
Received: 19 January 2017 / Revised: 14 March 2017 / Accepted: 21 March 2017 / Published: 24 March 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Exposure and Risk Assessment for Mycotoxins)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [257 KB, uploaded 24 March 2017]

Abstract

Feed mill workers may handle or process maize contaminated with aflatoxins (AFs). This condition may lead to an unacceptable intake of toxins deriving from occupational exposure. This study assessed the serological and urinary levels of AFs in workers exposed to potentially contaminated dusts in two mills. From March to April 2014, blood and urine samples were collected, on Monday and Friday morning of the same working week from 29 exposed workers and 30 non-exposed controls. AFs (M1, G2, G1, B1, B2) and aflatoxicol (AFOH) A were analyzed. Each subject filled in a questionnaire to evaluate potential food-borne exposures to mycotoxins. AFs contamination in environmental dust was measured in both plants. No serum sample was found to be positive. Seventy four percent of urine samples (73.7%) revealed AFM1 presence. AFM1 mean concentration was 0.035 and 0.027 ng/mL in exposed and non-exposed workers, respectively (p = 0.432); the concentration was slightly higher in Friday’s than in Monday’s samples, in exposed workers, 0.040 versus (vs.) 0.031 and non-exposed controls (0.030 vs. 0.024, p = 0.437). Environmental AFs contamination ranged from 7.2 to 125.4 µg/kg. The findings of this study reveal the presence of higher AFs concentration in exposed workers than in non-exposed controls, although these differences are to be considered consistent with random fluctuations. View Full-Text
Keywords: aflatoxins; aflatoxin M1; animal feed; maize; occupational exposure aflatoxins; aflatoxin M1; animal feed; maize; occupational exposure
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Ferri, F.; Brera, C.; De Santis, B.; Fedrizzi, G.; Bacci, T.; Bedogni, L.; Capanni, S.; Collini, G.; Crespi, E.; Debegnach, F.; Ferdenzi, P.; Gargano, A.; Gattei, D.; Luberto, F.; Magnani, I.; Magnani, M.G.; Mancuso, P.; Menotta, S.; Mozzanica, S.; Olmi, M.; Ombrini, G.; Sala, O.; Soricelli, S.; Vicentini, M.; Giorgi Rossi, P. Survey on Urinary Levels of Aflatoxins in Professionally Exposed Workers. Toxins 2017, 9, 117.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Toxins EISSN 2072-6651 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top