Next Article in Journal
Rapid Detection and Identification of Mycotoxigenic Fungi and Mycotoxins in Stored Wheat Grain
Next Article in Special Issue
Food-Borne Outbreak Investigation and Molecular Typing: High Diversity of Staphylococcus aureus Strains and Importance of Toxin Detection
Previous Article in Journal
Safety Assessment of Lactobacillus helveticus KLDS1.8701 Based on Whole Genome Sequencing and Oral Toxicity Studies
Previous Article in Special Issue
Spread of Tst–Positive Staphylococcus aureus Strains Belonging to ST30 Clone among Patients and Healthcare Workers in Two Intensive Care Units
Article Menu
Issue 10 (October) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Toxins 2017, 9(10), 303; doi:10.3390/toxins9100303

Emergence of Nasal Carriage of ST80 and ST152 PVL+ Staphylococcus aureus Isolates from Livestock in Algeria

1
Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale, U1047, Université Montpellier, UFR de Médecine, 30908 Nîmes, France
2
Laboratoire PADESCA, Institut des Sciences Vétérinaires, Université des Frères Mentouri-Constantine 1, Constantine 25017, Algérie
3
Laboratoire de microbiologie, Hôpital Militaire Régional Universitaire de Constantine, Constantine 25001, Algérie
4
Service des Maladies Infectieuses et Tropicales, CHU Nîmes, 30029 Nîmes, France
5
Service de Microbiologie, CHU Nîmes, 30029 Nîmes, France
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Andreja Rajkovic
Received: 12 August 2017 / Revised: 9 September 2017 / Accepted: 20 September 2017 / Published: 25 September 2017
(This article belongs to the Collection Staphylococcus aureus Toxins)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [734 KB, uploaded 25 September 2017]   |  

Abstract

The spread of toxinogenic Staphylococcus aureus is a public health problem in Africa. The objectives of the study were to investigate the rate of S. aureus nasal carriage and molecular characteristics of these strains in livestock and humans in three Algerian provinces. Nasal samples were collected from camels, horses, cattle, sheep and monkeys, as well as humans in contact with them. S. aureus isolates were genotyped using DNA microarray. The rate of S. aureus nasal carriage varied between species: camels (53%), humans and monkeys (50%), sheep (44.2%), horses (15.2%) and cattle (15%). Nine methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) isolates (7.6%) were identified, isolated from camels and sheep. The S. aureus isolates belonged to 15 different clonal complexes. Among them, PVL+ (Panton–Valentine Leukocidin) isolates belonging to ST80-MRSA-IV and ST152-MSSA were identified in camels (n = 3, 13%) and sheep (n = 4, 21.1%). A high prevalence of toxinogenic animal strains was noted containing TSST-1- (22.2%), EDINB- (29.6%) and EtD- (11.1%) encoding genes. This study showed the dispersal of the highly human pathogenic clones ST152-MSSA and ST-80-MRSA in animals. It suggests the ability of some clones to cross the species barrier and jump between humans and several animal species. View Full-Text
Keywords: Algeria; clonal complex; MRSA; MSSA; nasal carriage; Panton–Valentine Leukocidin; Staphylococcus aureus; ST80; ST152 Algeria; clonal complex; MRSA; MSSA; nasal carriage; Panton–Valentine Leukocidin; Staphylococcus aureus; ST80; ST152
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Agabou, A.; Ouchenane, Z.; Ngba Essebe, C.; Khemissi, S.; Chehboub, M.T.E.; Chehboub, I.B.; Sotto, A.; Dunyach-Remy, C.; Lavigne, J.-P. Emergence of Nasal Carriage of ST80 and ST152 PVL+ Staphylococcus aureus Isolates from Livestock in Algeria. Toxins 2017, 9, 303.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Toxins EISSN 2072-6651 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top