Next Article in Journal
Staphylococcus aureus Toxins and Diabetic Foot Ulcers: Role in Pathogenesis and Interest in Diagnosis
Next Article in Special Issue
Anti-Inflammatory Activity of Cyanobacterial Serine Protease Inhibitors Aeruginosin 828A and Cyanopeptolin 1020 in Human Hepatoma Cell Line Huh7 and Effects in Zebrafish (Danio rerio)
Previous Article in Journal
Regulation of Toxin Production in Clostridium perfringens
Previous Article in Special Issue
Liquid Chromatography with a Fluorimetric Detection Method for Analysis of Paralytic Shellfish Toxins and Tetrodotoxin Based on a Porous Graphitic Carbon Column
Article Menu
Issue 7 (July) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessOpinion
Toxins 2016, 8(7), 208; doi:10.3390/toxins8070208

How Safe Is Safe for Marine Toxins Monitoring?

1
Departamento de Farmacología, Facultad Veterinaria, Universidad de Santiago de Compostela, 27002 Lugo, Spain
2
Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad de Santiago, 27002 Lugo, Spain
3
Departamento de Fisiología, Facultad Veterinaria, Universidad de Santiago de Compostela, 27002 Lugo, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Jose M. Eirin-Lopez
Received: 22 April 2016 / Revised: 27 June 2016 / Accepted: 1 July 2016 / Published: 6 July 2016
(This article belongs to the Collection Marine and Freshwater Toxins)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [388 KB, uploaded 6 July 2016]   |  

Abstract

Current regulation for marine toxins requires a monitoring method based on mass spectrometric analysis. This method is pre-targeted, hence after searching for pre-assigned masses, it identifies those compounds that were pre-defined with available calibrants. Therefore, the scope for detecting novel toxins which are not included in the monitoring protocol are very limited. In addition to this, there is a poor comprehension of the toxicity of some marine toxin groups. Also, the validity of the current approach is questioned by the lack of sufficient calibrants, and by the insufficient coverage by current legislation of the toxins reported to be present in shellfish. As an example, tetrodotoxin, palytoxin analogs, or cyclic imines are mentioned as indicators of gaps in the system that require a solid comprehension to assure consumers are protected. View Full-Text
Keywords: food safety; toxicity equivalency factor; mass spectrometry; monitoring; marine toxin food safety; toxicity equivalency factor; mass spectrometry; monitoring; marine toxin
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Botana, L.M.; Alfonso, A.; Rodríguez, I.; Botana, A.M.; Louzao, M.C.; Vieytes, M.R. How Safe Is Safe for Marine Toxins Monitoring? Toxins 2016, 8, 208.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Toxins EISSN 2072-6651 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top