Biological and Enzymatic Characterization of Proteases from Crude Venom of the Ant Odontomachus bauri
AbstractHymenoptera venoms constitute an interesting source of natural toxins that may lead to the development of novel therapeutic agents. The present study investigated the enzymatic and biological characteristics of the crude venom of the ant Odontomachus bauri. Its crude venom presents several protein bands, with higher staining for six proteins with gelatinolytic activity (17, 20, 26, 29, 43 and 48 kDa). The crude venom showed high proteolytic activity on azocasein at optimal pH 8.0 and 37 °C. In the presence of protease inhibitors as aprotinin, leupeptin and EDTA, the azocaseinolytic activity was reduced by 45%, 29% and 9%, respectively, suggesting that the enzymes present in the crude venom belong to the three classes of proteases, with the serine proteases in greater intensity. The crude venom degraded the fibrinogen α-chain faster than the β-chain, while the fibrinogen γ-chain remained unchanged. In biological assays, O. bauri venom showed hemolytic and coagulant activity in vitro, and defibrinating activity in vivo. In addition, the venom showed antimicrobial activity against Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli as well as antiparasitic activity on Toxoplasma gondii infection in vitro. In that sense, this study sheds perspectives for pharmacological applications of O. bauri venom enzymes. View Full-Text
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Silva, M.F.; Mota, C.M.; Miranda, V.S.; Oliveira Cunha, A.D.; Silva, M.C.; Naves, K.S.C.; Oliveira, F.D.; Silva, D.A.O.; Mineo, T.W.P.; Santiago, F.M. Biological and Enzymatic Characterization of Proteases from Crude Venom of the Ant Odontomachus bauri. Toxins 2015, 7, 5114-5128.
Silva MF, Mota CM, Miranda VS, Oliveira Cunha AD, Silva MC, Naves KSC, Oliveira FD, Silva DAO, Mineo TWP, Santiago FM. Biological and Enzymatic Characterization of Proteases from Crude Venom of the Ant Odontomachus bauri. Toxins. 2015; 7(12):5114-5128.Chicago/Turabian Style
Silva, Mariana F.; Mota, Caroline M.; Miranda, Vanessa S.; Oliveira Cunha, Amanda D.; Silva, Maraísa C.; Naves, Karinne S.C.; Oliveira, Fábio D.; Silva, Deise A.O.; Mineo, Tiago W.P.; Santiago, Fernanda M. 2015. "Biological and Enzymatic Characterization of Proteases from Crude Venom of the Ant Odontomachus bauri." Toxins 7, no. 12: 5114-5128.