Recent Advances in Research on Widow Spider Venoms and Toxins
AbstractWidow spiders have received much attention due to the frequently reported human and animal injures caused by them. Elucidation of the molecular composition and action mechanism of the venoms and toxins has vast implications in the treatment of latrodectism and in the neurobiology and pharmaceutical research. In recent years, the studies of the widow spider venoms and the venom toxins, particularly the α-latrotoxin, have achieved many new advances; however, the mechanism of action of the venom toxins has not been completely clear. The widow spider is different from many other venomous animals in that it has toxic components not only in the venom glands but also in other parts of the adult spider body, newborn spiderlings, and even the eggs. More recently, the molecular basis for the toxicity outside the venom glands has been systematically investigated, with four proteinaceous toxic components being purified and preliminarily characterized, which has expanded our understanding of the widow spider toxins. This review presents a glance at the recent advances in the study on the venoms and toxins from the Latrodectus species. View Full-Text
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Yan, S.; Wang, X. Recent Advances in Research on Widow Spider Venoms and Toxins. Toxins 2015, 7, 5055-5067.
Yan S, Wang X. Recent Advances in Research on Widow Spider Venoms and Toxins. Toxins. 2015; 7(12):5055-5067.Chicago/Turabian Style
Yan, Shuai; Wang, Xianchun. 2015. "Recent Advances in Research on Widow Spider Venoms and Toxins." Toxins 7, no. 12: 5055-5067.