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Molecular Approaches to Improve the Insecticidal Activity of Bacillus thuringiensis Cry Toxins
Toxins 2014, 6(8), 2453-2470; doi:10.3390/toxins6082453
Article

The Correlation of the Presence and Expression Levels of cry Genes with the Insecticidal Activities against Plutella xylostella for Bacillus thuringiensis Strains

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Received: 23 April 2014; in revised form: 11 August 2014 / Accepted: 11 August 2014 / Published: 19 August 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Bacillus thuringiensis Toxins)
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Abstract: The use of Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) strains with high insecticidal activity is essential for the preparation of bioinsecticide. In this study, for 60 Bt strains isolated in Taiwan, their genotypes and the correlation of some cry genes as well as the expression levels of cry1 genes, with their insecticidal activities against Plutella xylostella, were investigated. Pulsed field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) and random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) results revealed that the genotypes of these Bt strains are highly diversified. Also, a considerable number of the Bt strains isolated in Taiwan were found to have high insecticidal activities. Since strains that showed individual combined patterns of PFGE and RAPD exhibited distinct insecticidal activities against P. xylostella, thus, these genotypes may be useful for the identification of the new Bt strains and those which have been used in bioinsecticides. In addition, although the presence of cry2Aa1 may have a greater effect on the insecticidal activity of Bt strains in bioassay than other cry genes, only high expression level of cry1 genes plays a key role to determine the insecticidal activity of Bt strains. In conclusion, both RAPD and PFGE are effective in the differentiation of Bt strains. The presence of cry2Aa1 and, especially, the expression level of cry1 genes are useful for the prediction of the insecticidal activities of Bt strains against P. xylostella.
Keywords: Bacillus thuringiensis; insecticidal activity; PFGE; RAPD; cry genes Bacillus thuringiensis; insecticidal activity; PFGE; RAPD; cry genes
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Chen, M.-L.; Chen, P.-H.; Pang, J.-C.; Lin, C.-W.; Hwang, C.-F.; Tsen, H.-Y. The Correlation of the Presence and Expression Levels of cry Genes with the Insecticidal Activities against Plutella xylostella for Bacillus thuringiensis Strains. Toxins 2014, 6, 2453-2470.

AMA Style

Chen M-L, Chen P-H, Pang J-C, Lin C-W, Hwang C-F, Tsen H-Y. The Correlation of the Presence and Expression Levels of cry Genes with the Insecticidal Activities against Plutella xylostella for Bacillus thuringiensis Strains. Toxins. 2014; 6(8):2453-2470.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Chen, Ming-Lun; Chen, Pin-Hsin; Pang, Jen-Chieh; Lin, Chia-Wei; Hwang, Chin-Fa; Tsen, Hau-Yang. 2014. "The Correlation of the Presence and Expression Levels of cry Genes with the Insecticidal Activities against Plutella xylostella for Bacillus thuringiensis Strains." Toxins 6, no. 8: 2453-2470.


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