Toxins 2014, 6(6), 1761-1784; doi:10.3390/toxins6061761
Review

Overall View of Chemical and Biochemical Weapons

1,2email
Received: 11 April 2014; in revised form: 15 May 2014 / Accepted: 26 May 2014 / Published: 4 June 2014
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: This article describes a brief history of chemical warfare, which culminated in the signing of the Chemical Weapons Convention. It describes the current level of chemical weapons and the risk of using them. Furthermore, some traditional technology for the development of chemical weapons, such as increasing toxicity, methods of overcoming chemical protection, research on natural toxins or the introduction of binary technology, has been described. In accordance with many parameters, chemical weapons based on traditional technologies have achieved the limit of their development. There is, however, a big potential of their further development based on the most recent knowledge of modern scientific and technical disciplines, particularly at the boundary of chemistry and biology. The risk is even higher due to the fact that already, today, there is a general acceptance of the development of non-lethal chemical weapons at a technologically higher level. In the future, the chemical arsenal will be based on the accumulation of important information from the fields of chemical, biological and toxin weapons. Data banks obtained in this way will be hardly accessible and the risk of their materialization will persist.
Keywords: chemical weapons; biochemical weapons; Chemical Weapons Convention; methods of chemical weapons development
PDF Full-text Download PDF Full-Text [504 KB, uploaded 4 June 2014 11:36 CEST]

Export to BibTeX |
EndNote


MDPI and ACS Style

Pitschmann, V. Overall View of Chemical and Biochemical Weapons. Toxins 2014, 6, 1761-1784.

AMA Style

Pitschmann V. Overall View of Chemical and Biochemical Weapons. Toxins. 2014; 6(6):1761-1784.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Pitschmann, Vladimír. 2014. "Overall View of Chemical and Biochemical Weapons." Toxins 6, no. 6: 1761-1784.

Toxins EISSN 2072-6651 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert