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Toxins 2014, 6(6), 1761-1784; doi:10.3390/toxins6061761

Overall View of Chemical and Biochemical Weapons

1 Faculty of Biomedical Engineering, Czech Technical University in Prague, nám. Sítná 3105, Kladno 27201, Czech Republic 2 Oritest spol. s r.o., Staropramenná 17, Prague 15000, Czech Republic
Received: 11 April 2014 / Revised: 15 May 2014 / Accepted: 26 May 2014 / Published: 4 June 2014
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This article describes a brief history of chemical warfare, which culminated in the signing of the Chemical Weapons Convention. It describes the current level of chemical weapons and the risk of using them. Furthermore, some traditional technology for the development of chemical weapons, such as increasing toxicity, methods of overcoming chemical protection, research on natural toxins or the introduction of binary technology, has been described. In accordance with many parameters, chemical weapons based on traditional technologies have achieved the limit of their development. There is, however, a big potential of their further development based on the most recent knowledge of modern scientific and technical disciplines, particularly at the boundary of chemistry and biology. The risk is even higher due to the fact that already, today, there is a general acceptance of the development of non-lethal chemical weapons at a technologically higher level. In the future, the chemical arsenal will be based on the accumulation of important information from the fields of chemical, biological and toxin weapons. Data banks obtained in this way will be hardly accessible and the risk of their materialization will persist.
Keywords: chemical weapons; biochemical weapons; Chemical Weapons Convention; methods of chemical weapons development chemical weapons; biochemical weapons; Chemical Weapons Convention; methods of chemical weapons development
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Pitschmann, V. Overall View of Chemical and Biochemical Weapons. Toxins 2014, 6, 1761-1784.

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