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Toxins 2013, 5(3), 556-567; doi:10.3390/toxins5030556
Article

Dog Poisonings Associated with a Microcystis aeruginosa Bloom in the Netherlands

1,2,*  and 1
Received: 24 December 2012; in revised form: 26 February 2013 / Accepted: 6 March 2013 / Published: 14 March 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Cyanotoxins)
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Abstract: In early autumn 2011, three dogs died after they had been exposed to a Microcystis aeruginosa bloom on Lake Amstelmeer, The Netherlands. The cyanobacterial scum from the lake contained up to 5.27 × 103 μg g−1 dry-weight microcystin, the vomit of one of the dogs contained on average 94 µg microcystin g−1 dry-weight. In both cases, microcystin-LR was the most abundant variant. This is the first report of dog deaths associated with a Microcystis bloom and microcystin poisoning in The Netherlands.
Keywords: bathing water; cyanobacterial scum; cyanotoxins; microcystin; LC-MS/MS; swimming ban bathing water; cyanobacterial scum; cyanotoxins; microcystin; LC-MS/MS; swimming ban
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Lürling, M.; Faassen, E.J. Dog Poisonings Associated with a Microcystis aeruginosa Bloom in the Netherlands. Toxins 2013, 5, 556-567.

AMA Style

Lürling M, Faassen EJ. Dog Poisonings Associated with a Microcystis aeruginosa Bloom in the Netherlands. Toxins. 2013; 5(3):556-567.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Lürling, Miquel; Faassen, Elisabeth J. 2013. "Dog Poisonings Associated with a Microcystis aeruginosa Bloom in the Netherlands." Toxins 5, no. 3: 556-567.



Toxins EISSN 2072-6651 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert