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Dog Poisonings Associated with a Microcystis aeruginosa Bloom in the Netherlands
Aquatic Ecology & Water Quality Management Group, Wageningen University, P.O. Box 47, Wageningen 6700 DD, The Netherlands
NIOO-KNAW, Droevendaalsesteeg 10, Wageningen 6708 PB, The Netherlands
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 24 December 2012; in revised form: 26 February 2013 / Accepted: 6 March 2013 / Published: 14 March 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Cyanotoxins
Abstract: In early autumn 2011, three dogs died after they had been exposed to a Microcystis aeruginosa bloom on Lake Amstelmeer, The Netherlands. The cyanobacterial scum from the lake contained up to 5.27 × 103 μg g−1 dry-weight microcystin, the vomit of one of the dogs contained on average 94 µg microcystin g−1 dry-weight. In both cases, microcystin-LR was the most abundant variant. This is the first report of dog deaths associated with a Microcystis bloom and microcystin poisoning in The Netherlands.
Keywords: bathing water; cyanobacterial scum; cyanotoxins; microcystin; LC-MS/MS; swimming ban
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Cite This Article
MDPI and ACS Style
Lürling, M.; Faassen, E.J. Dog Poisonings Associated with a Microcystis aeruginosa Bloom in the Netherlands. Toxins 2013, 5, 556-567.
Lürling M, Faassen EJ. Dog Poisonings Associated with a Microcystis aeruginosa Bloom in the Netherlands. Toxins. 2013; 5(3):556-567.
Lürling, Miquel; Faassen, Elisabeth J. 2013. "Dog Poisonings Associated with a Microcystis aeruginosa Bloom in the Netherlands." Toxins 5, no. 3: 556-567.