Toxins 2013, 5(12), 2420-2433; doi:10.3390/toxins5122420
Article

Preliminary Results of the in Vivo and in Vitro Characterization of a Tentacle Venom Fraction from the Jellyfish Aurelia aurita

1,2,†email, 2,†,* email, 3email and 1,* email
Received: 9 October 2013; in revised form: 1 November 2013 / Accepted: 4 November 2013 / Published: 6 December 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Marine and Freshwater Toxins)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: The neurotoxic effects produced by a tentacle venom extract and a fraction were analyzed and correlated by in vivo and in vitro approaches. The tentacle venom extract exhibited a wide range of protein components (from 24 to >225 kDa) and produced tetanic reactions, flaccid paralysis, and death when injected into crabs. Two chromatography fractions also produced uncontrolled appendix movements and leg stretching. Further electrophysiological characterization demonstrated that one of these fractions potently inhibited ACh-elicited currents mediated by both vertebrate fetal and adult muscle nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChR) subtypes. Receptor inhibition was concentration-dependent and completely reversible. The calculated IC50 values were 1.77 μg/μL for fetal and 2.28 μg/μL for adult muscle nAChRs. The bioactive fraction was composed of a major protein component at ~90 kDa and lacked phospholipase A activity. This work represents the first insight into the interaction of jellyfish venom components and muscle nicotinic receptors.
Keywords: Aurelia aurita; jellyfish; neurotoxins; nicotinic acetylcholine receptors; Scyphozoa
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ponce, D.; López-Vera, E.; Aguilar, M.B.; Sánchez-Rodríguez, J. Preliminary Results of the in Vivo and in Vitro Characterization of a Tentacle Venom Fraction from the Jellyfish Aurelia aurita. Toxins 2013, 5, 2420-2433.

AMA Style

Ponce D, López-Vera E, Aguilar MB, Sánchez-Rodríguez J. Preliminary Results of the in Vivo and in Vitro Characterization of a Tentacle Venom Fraction from the Jellyfish Aurelia aurita. Toxins. 2013; 5(12):2420-2433.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ponce, Dalia; López-Vera, Estuardo; Aguilar, Manuel B.; Sánchez-Rodríguez, Judith. 2013. "Preliminary Results of the in Vivo and in Vitro Characterization of a Tentacle Venom Fraction from the Jellyfish Aurelia aurita." Toxins 5, no. 12: 2420-2433.

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