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Toxins 2012, 4(5), 373-389; doi:10.3390/toxins4050373

Effects of Two Varieties of Bacillus thuringiensis Maize on the Biology of Plodia interpunctella

1,2,*  and 1
1 Biological Control and Spatial Ecology Laboratory (LUBIES), CP 160/12, Université Libre de Bruxelles, av. FD Roosevelt 50, B-1050 Brussels, Belgium 2 Research Funding for Industry and Agriculture (FRIA, Fonds pour la Formation à la Recherche dans l’Industrie et l’Agriculture) 5 rue d’Egmont, B-1000 Brussels, Belgium
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 22 March 2012 / Revised: 16 May 2012 / Accepted: 16 May 2012 / Published: 24 May 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Insecticidal Toxins)
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On the market since 1996, genetically modified plants expressing an insecticidal toxin (Cry toxin stemmed from Bacillus thuringiensis) target several lepidopteran and coleopteran pests. In this study, we assessed the impact of two varieties of Bt maize producing different toxins (Cry1Ab or Cry1Fa, respectively) on the biology of a storage pest: Plodia interpunctella (Hübner) (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae). The Indianmeal moths were susceptible to both toxins but showed an escape behavior only from Cry1Fa. The weight of females issued from larvae reared on Cry1Ab increased with increasing toxin concentration, but adults of both sexes reared on Cry1Fa had decreased weight. Both toxins increased development time from egg to adult regardless of sex and had no impact on the male adult lifespan. Finally, we recorded a time lag between metamorphosis from the non-Bt and the Bt diets, which increased proportionally to Cry concentration in the Bt diet.
Keywords: cry toxin; Bt maize; Plodia interpunctella; biological parameters cry toxin; Bt maize; Plodia interpunctella; biological parameters
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Gryspeirt, A.; Grégoire, J.-C. Effects of Two Varieties of Bacillus thuringiensis Maize on the Biology of Plodia interpunctella. Toxins 2012, 4, 373-389.

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