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Transcriptional Profiles Uncover Aspergillus flavus-Induced Resistance in Maize Kernels
Department of Plant Pathology and Crop Physiology, Louisiana State University Agricultural Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70803, USA
Southern Regional Research Center, United States Department of Agriculture-Agricultural Research Service, New Orleans, LA 70124, USA
International Institute of Tropical Agriculture, Oyo Road, PMB 5320, Ibadan, Nigeria
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 15 April 2011; in revised form: 23 June 2011 / Accepted: 23 June 2011 / Published: 29 June 2011
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Aflatoxins
Abstract: Aflatoxin contamination caused by the opportunistic pathogen A. flavus is a major concern in maize production prior to harvest and through storage. Previous studies have highlighted the constitutive production of proteins involved in maize kernel resistance against A. flavus’ infection. However, little is known about induced resistance nor about defense gene expression and regulation in kernels. In this study, maize oligonucleotide arrays and a pair of closely-related maize lines varying in aflatoxin accumulation were used to reveal the gene expression network in imbibed mature kernels in response to A. flavus’ challenge. Inoculated kernels were incubated 72 h via the laboratory-based Kernel Screening Assay (KSA), which highlights kernel responses to fungal challenge. Gene expression profiling detected 6955 genes in resistant and 6565 genes in susceptible controls; 214 genes induced in resistant and 2159 genes induced in susceptible inoculated kernels. Defense related and regulation related genes were identified in both treatments. Comparisons between the resistant and susceptible lines indicate differences in the gene expression network which may enhance our understanding of the maize-A. flavus interaction.
Keywords: Zea mays; Aspergillus flavus; imbibed kernels; aflatoxin; resistance genes
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Cite This Article
MDPI and ACS Style
Luo, M.; Brown, R.L.; Chen, Z.-Y.; Menkir, A.; Yu, J.; Bhatnagar, D. Transcriptional Profiles Uncover Aspergillus flavus-Induced Resistance in Maize Kernels. Toxins 2011, 3, 766-786.
Luo M, Brown RL, Chen Z-Y, Menkir A, Yu J, Bhatnagar D. Transcriptional Profiles Uncover Aspergillus flavus-Induced Resistance in Maize Kernels. Toxins. 2011; 3(7):766-786.
Luo, Meng; Brown, Robert L.; Chen, Zhi-Yuan; Menkir, Abebe; Yu, Jiujiang; Bhatnagar, Deepak. 2011. "Transcriptional Profiles Uncover Aspergillus flavus-Induced Resistance in Maize Kernels." Toxins 3, no. 7: 766-786.